The desire to look good is natural. Sometimes, in order to make their appearance more attractive, people think about removing moles, which they think make them less beautiful. Often they resort to procedures for the removal of these formations. They are removed not only for aesthetic reasons, but also sometimes because of concerns that they pose a health risk. However, at the same time, there is a fairly widespread opinion that it is dangerous to remove moles. Let's see if this is really so.
Biologically, a mole is a collection of dark-colored cells at the top of the epidermis. In a newborn, these spots, despite their name, do not, they begin to actively appear at the age of several months and are formed before puberty. These spots can appear later, but in smaller quantities. In this case, the main factor stimulating their appearance is sunlight. Ultraviolet rays contribute to the formation of melatocytes, which acquire colors characteristic of moles - different shades of brown, red, black.
It is important to understand that not all moles (also called nevi) are the same in nature. There are calm nevi - these are the majority, and all people have them. They have smooth edges, small size (no more than half a centimeter in diameter), brown and do not change over time in an adult. As a rule, you don't have to worry about such moles, they do not pose a threat from the point of view of the development of oncological diseases.
Carriers of a large number of birthmarks, as well as moles of irregular shapes and colors, should be wary. For example, blue moles have this color due to melanocytic affected cells. The presence of such a formation significantly increases the risk of developing skin cancer. The growth of such spots often becomes the cause of cancer. Complex moles that are irregular in color, such as light brown to black, should also be a concern. The risk group should also include age spots with irregular outlines, which often grow and change color over time.
Of course, these are not all types of dangerous moles, and it is impossible to determine the degree of their risk yourself at home, without having a medical education, and decide whether to remove moles without the help of a specialist - a professional surgeon - is impossible. Therefore, in case of the slightest suspicion, you need to consult a doctor.
If a nevus is already a malignant neoplasm or, according to doctors, poses a danger of its development, it is usually removed surgically. Benign skin lesions are often removed by radio waves or laser coagulation. Viral neoplasms can be removed by cryodestruction with liquid nitrogen.
It is important that when removing neoplasms, a piece of skin should be sent for histological examination to diagnose the presence or prospects of development of skin cancer. However, this is often not done in aesthetic centers. This is one of the reasons why moles should be removed in the clinic.
Experts recommend removing healthy moles, for example, if they have a convex shape and are located in potentially traumatic places, for example, on the neck. It is believed that careless damage to such spots can result in bad consequences for the skin.
It is believed that modern medical technologies allow you to safely and efficiently remove a mole even if it is healthy and does not pose a danger, but you just do not like it. Perhaps this is so, nevertheless, many doctors will not remove your birthmark if it does not pose a danger, quite rightly noting that if the nevus is not dangerous, there is no need to bother him.Think for yourself whether it is worth spending time and money, resorting to medical procedures in this case, because healthy moles in the overwhelming majority of cases do not spoil your appearance at all and, on the contrary, give you individuality.