How Immunomodulators Work

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How Immunomodulators Work
How Immunomodulators Work

Video: How Immunomodulators Work

Video: Immunomodulators & Immunosuppressives [NCLEX Review] 2022, December

Immunomodulators are drugs that affect the immune system. With their help, you can maintain an optimal level of immunity without harming the body.

How immunomodulators work
How immunomodulators work

When are immunomodulators used

These drugs interact with the cells of the immune system. According to their influence, they are conditionally divided into two groups: stimulating immunity and those that reduce it. Depending on the goal to be achieved, one or another type of these drugs is used. Immunostimulants are used to stimulate natural immunity in chronic infections, allergic diseases, and in immunodeficiency states. Immunomodulators are prescribed as part of complex therapy in parallel with taking antibiotics, antifungal, antiviral drugs. When using them, it is necessary to control the dynamics of the disease and conduct immunological blood tests. These drugs are also prescribed during the recovery period from illness.

If the immune system malfunctions, and it begins to work against the cells of the body, it is required to reduce the activity of immune cells. This condition occurs in psoriasis and other autoimmune diseases. In these cases, you need to take drugs that can limit the activity of the immune system.

Classification of drugs-immunomodulators

All immunomodulators are divided into the following groups:

- endogenous, i.e. produced in the body. This group includes "Interferon", which helps the body with colds and acute respiratory viral infections;

- exogenous - the organism gets from the external environment, it will contain elements that are not in the organism. Among the drugs in this group are bacterial, herbal and synthetic drugs.

Immunomodulators of plant origin

These include medicinal herbs that are used in traditional medicine. This type of immunomodulators is most preferable, since they act on the body gently, without giving sharp side effects. They are also divided into two groups. The first includes herbs that have the ability not only to stimulate, but also to suppress the immune system. These include licorice, iris (iris), yellow egg capsule, white mistletoe. When treating with these drugs, you need to carefully select the dose and conduct immunological blood tests.

The second group stimulates the immune system. It includes echinacea, ginseng, aralia, lemongrass, rhodiola rosea, elecampane and many other herbs rich in vitamins and nutrients. To achieve the effect, immunomodulatory drugs are prescribed for a long period, since their effect increases gradually, and the intake of immunomodulators helps the body to cope with the state of chronic immunodeficiency, avoiding the complications of chronic diseases.

Opinions for and against immunomodulators

Scientists still do not come to a consensus regarding immunomodulatory drugs. Some doctors consider the frequent and unreasonable prescription of these drugs inappropriate, since in case of an overdose, even the safest drugs can have the opposite effect and cause the development of autoimmune diseases: diabetes mellitus, rheumatoid arthritis, toxic goiter, multiple sclerosis and other not fully understood diseases. They are caused by the malfunctioning of the immune system, therefore, in these diseases, taking immunomodulators can lead to unpredictable consequences. in any case, treatment with immunomodulators should be prescribed by a doctor, he is obliged to control the dynamics of the disease.

The best natural immunomodulators are natural products: honey, rose hips, onions, garlic, vegetables, fruits.

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