Obesity And Hormones

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Obesity And Hormones
Obesity And Hormones

Video: Obesity And Hormones

Video: Hormones, body mass, and obesity 2022, December

Excessive deposition of adipose tissue most often occurs due to hereditary predisposition and improper lifestyle. In some cases, the cause of obesity can be a disturbed hormonal background.

Obesity and hormones
Obesity and hormones

An excess of insulin, prolactin, cortisol, as well as a lack of thyroid and sex hormones can contribute to weight gain. A long-term imbalance in hormones increases the chance of developing obesity.

Excess hormones and obesity

A high concentration of insulin in the blood is observed in metabolic syndrome. In this case, patients may be disturbed by severe weakness after eating, increased appetite, cravings for sweets, thirst. To establish such a violation of the hormonal background, it is necessary to pass tests for blood sugar and insulin.

An increase in prolactin secretion is usually observed in women. In addition to obesity, patients may be disturbed by menstrual irregularities. For examination, you need to take a blood test for prolactin and visit a gynecologist.

Obesity associated with a high concentration of cortisol is characterized by stretch marks on the skin of the trunk, increased pressure, and weakness in the arms and legs. For an accurate diagnosis, it is necessary to investigate the circadian rhythm of cortisol.

Lack of hormones and obesity

Hypothyroidism develops due to low production of thyroid hormones. This disease is manifested by an increase in body weight, a slowdown in the pulse, drowsiness, and a decrease in memory. To identify disturbed hormonal levels, thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) and free thyroxine (FT4) must be taken on an empty stomach.

Lack of sex hormones leads to obesity in men and women. A low concentration of testosterone and estrogen provokes excess fat deposition at any age. Most often, a lack of sex hormones occurs in women after menopause. In this case, the patient with a standard diet adds more than 5 kg per year. Sex hormone replacement therapy is selected by a gynecologist for women and an andrologist for men.

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