Treatment of thrombocytopenia depends on the degree of development and the cause that led to the onset of the disease. Getting rid of the condition completely is not possible if it is triggered by a chronic illness (such as leukemia or lupus). In all other cases, stabilization of the level of platelets in the blood has the desired therapeutic effect and improves the patient's well-being.
Causes of the disorder
Thrombocytopenia is the medical term for a small number of platelets that give the blood the ability to clot. The cells prevent excessive blood loss, which stimulates the initiation of the process of tissue repair after damage.
A drop in the number of platelets occurs as a result of an acute condition in the patient. Thrombocytopenia happens from taking certain medications as a side effect. The phenomenon can occur with mild symptoms, but in rare cases, a small number of cells that contribute to blood clotting leads to internal bleeding and subsequent death of the patient.
A complete cure of the disease occurs independently or with the use of auxiliary therapy in the elimination of the underlying disease. However, patients with the most acute manifestations of the condition may suffer from chronic thrombocytopenia, which in some cases can also be stopped with the right treatment.
Some symptoms of the disease require special or emergency treatment. In an autoimmune reaction, steroid medications are prescribed, which are used to suppress platelet destruction. Patients in the most severe condition are given intravenous immunoglobulin. If it is impossible to stabilize vital signs, splenectomy is indicated, i.e. splenectomy.
If the cause of the phenomenon is the use of drugs, the attending physician is obliged to suspend their intake and prescribe alternative means. In the future, the patient should not take medications containing heparin. The process of further therapy may include plasma transfusion, plasmapheresis. The doctor should also consider dialysis if there is acute renal failure associated with the condition.
If a person has a mild form of thrombocytopenia, they should be tested regularly and monitor for symptoms of internal bleeding. An acute type of condition can lead to hemorrhage anywhere in the body. You should avoid taking drugs that increase the risk of the disease (for example, "Aspirin" or "Ibuprofen"). Consult your healthcare professional before using vitamins, dietary supplements, and herbal infusions. People who have experienced a serious form of this phenomenon should not take part in contact sports (boxing, football, karate) in order to avoid injuries and bruises.