By the color of urine, it is possible to determine the presence of any malfunctions in the work of the internal organs of a person, since its violations are quickly reflected in the physicochemical parameters of the urinary fluid. To be able to independently control the processes occurring in his body, a person must be able to distinguish between normal and abnormal urine color.
Urine and its color
In a healthy person, the color of urine should be light yellow, however, due to the fact that absolutely healthy people are not met very often today, this indicator can be quite relative. In addition, the color of urine can change when taking "Nitroxoline", "Biomycin" or synthetic vitamin C - while it becomes bright yellow, while the drug "Amidopyrine" is able to stain urine red.
They stain urine burgundy and some food products - for example, beets or other brightly colored vegetables.
In the presence of yellow or dark yellow urine, disorders in the pancreas or liver can be suspected. A reddish tint of urine is the reason for contacting a urologist, since it indicates the presence of blood in it. It can be caused by sand or kidney stones, the movement of which is usually accompanied by severe pain in the lower back and fever. In addition, blood in the urine appears in severe diseases of the urinary system and the inability of the kidneys to filter it in the right amount.
Clarity and volume of urine
The clarity of urine is its most important physical property - the turbidity of freshly collected fluid is often an indicator of an acute inflammatory process in the urinary system. In this case, the urine becomes contaminated with pus and a large number of leukocytes, therefore, when turbidity appears, it is imperative to pass the appropriate tests. As for the volume, a healthy person excretes about one and a half liters of urine per day, while its amount depends on the use of diuretic products or drugs.
Exceeding 2 liters of daily urine volume may indicate diabetes mellitus, then a maximum of 1 liter per day is a sign of a blockage of the ureter (not always).
Urine that smells of acetone may indicate diabetes mellitus, brain or liver damage, or an acute infectious disease. Glucose in the urine is also a possible sign of diabetes or a metabolic disorder. Protein can appear in the urine after strenuous exercise, if the kidney tubules are damaged, or if the kidneys are not working properly. Usually, the analysis for protein in urine is recommended to be repeated by taking a hygienic shower before passing urine and excluding the possibility of foreign impurities entering the jar for analysis.