Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are a threat to the health of the mother and the life of the unborn child. Infections require immediate treatment during pregnancy. In this case, therapy should be prescribed by the attending physician after passing the appropriate tests.
Prompt treatment is the best way to protect yourself and the fetus from potential complications. The most common STDs include herpes, HIV (AIDS), genital warts, hepatitis B, chlamydia, syphilis, gonorrhea, and trichomoniasis. In some cases, these diseases are asymptomatic, but most often there are signs such as inflammation of the vagina, the appearance of characteristic discharge, pain when urinating, weight loss, a characteristic rash, yellowing of the skin.
Treatment of STDs during pregnancy is complicated by the fact that some drugs intended for the treatment of diseases are not suitable for the expectant mother. The prescribed medication should also be appropriate for the degree of development of the infection and the period of bearing the child. Many bacterial lesions (such as syphilis and gonorrhea) are treated with antibiotics given by injection or by mouth.
HIV (AIDS) is an incurable viral infection, which, however, in most cases does not prevent the birth of a healthy baby. To reduce the risk of spreading the disease to the fetus, there are a number of antiretroviral drugs that can be obtained after a doctor's examination. Genital herpes is treated with antiviral drugs. With the development of the disease to a certain stage, the doctor may consider the option of performing a caesarean section in order to avoid transferring the virus to the child when passing through the birth canal.
Genital warts are usually not treated during pregnancy and therapy is delayed. Getting rid of chlamydia is done with antibacterial agents. Hepatitis B is suppressed directly through the newborn by injection with special antibodies to cope with possible complications.
Lack of therapy for infection most often becomes the cause of the development of congenital malformations of the fetus, premature birth, and developmental delays. As a preventive measure of infection, sexual contact with casual partners should be avoided and unprotected intercourse should be avoided. Condom use significantly reduces the risk of STDs. It should be remembered that anal and oral sex are also common modes of transmission of disease-causing bacteria and viruses.