How To Identify Vaginal Herpes

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How To Identify Vaginal Herpes
How To Identify Vaginal Herpes

Video: How To Identify Vaginal Herpes

Video: Herpes (oral & genital) - causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology 2022, December
Anonim

Genital or vaginal herpes is a common sexually transmitted disease. The defeat of the mucous membranes of the female intimate zone (vagina, vulva, cervix) requires mandatory treatment.

vaginal herpes
vaginal herpes

Causes of occurrence

The causes of the occurrence are hidden in the causative agents of herpes infections of type 1 and 2. Despite the fact that the disease is caused by simple viruses, the lack of treatment leads to the spread of infection. The virus can "sit" inside the body for a long time, but under certain circumstances, the manifestations immediately make themselves felt.

Unfavorable factors for the manifestation of the disease:

  • existing bacterial pathologies that are sexually transmitted;
  • promiscuous sex with unverified partners without using contraception (condoms);
  • reduced immunity with vitamin deficiency or somatic depression during an exacerbation;
  • transferred infectious diseases;
  • emotional stress and stress;
  • taking some medications;
  • excessive exposure to direct sunlight;
  • unbalanced nutrition and malnutrition;
  • surgical termination of pregnancy;
  • various damage to the mucous membrane of the intimate zone.

The sexual route of infection is the most common, but there are other ways of infection. These include the transfer of the pathogen from the oral mucosa to the mucous membrane of the female genital organs (during oral sex), as well as infection of the fetus in the womb.

A previous illness during pregnancy increases the risk of infection of the fetus for all 9 months. The development of the disease in 1 trimeter is dangerous because it can lead to miscarriage and congenital malformations of the child. The manifestation of herpes in the 3rd trimester may become an indication for a cesarean section, since the defeat of the vagina is dangerous to the health of the child at the time of his passage through the birth canal.

Signs of vaginal herpes

The first symptoms of vaginal herpes are common to herpesvirus infection:

  • increased body temperature;
  • fever;
  • general weakness and pain in the head;
  • discomfort in the intimate area (itching, burning);
  • external changes in the mucous membrane (swelling, redness);
  • enlarged inguinal lymph nodes;
  • soreness when urinating;
  • profuse discharge.

More obvious signs of vaginal herpes appear later. The mucous membrane begins to become covered with weeping red bubbles, the bubbles increase, and after a while they open up. Then the rash on the genitals becomes crusted, ulcerative processes occur. In these places, even with a slight touch, the patient experiences sharp pain.

Phases of the course of the disease:

  1. Prodromal phase. Lasts several hours - days, the symptoms are similar to some diseases of a non-herpes nature.
  2. Rash phase. Comes 2-3 days after the first signs of the disease appear. The bubbles are not always visible to the patient herself, since they are located in the inner part of the penis. Small white bubbles increase, acquire a yellowish tint, sometimes merge with each other.
  3. Erosion phase. Filling the bubbles after 2-3 days leads to their opening, after which ulcers form. They are quite painful, but heal quickly.
  4. Scabbing phase. Comes after the appearance of erosion. It is characterized by a thin crust of papules.
  5. Healing phase. The crusts dry out, after which the integumentary tissue restores in place of the bubbles.

The primary symptomatology of infection of the genital organs with the herpes virus gradually fades away, which indicates a transition to a latent state. The disease does not go away; when favorable conditions arise, the infection reoccurs.

The following forms of recurrent infection are distinguished:

  1. Lightweight form.It appears no more than 3 times a year.
  2. Medium form. The number of manifestations reaches 5-6 times.
  3. Severe form. Symptoms begin to bother every month.

Treatment of any form and stage is necessary to avoid relapses of the disease. Recurrent herpes with a slight decrease in immunity reappears. The manifestations are not so obvious, so a woman rarely seeks medical help. There is no malaise and fever, minor rashes pass quickly.

The atypical form is rare; an experienced specialist can recognize it. There is no rash on the affected organs, but there is redness, itching, painful cracks in the genital area. Timely therapy will avoid further infection and possible blood poisoning through open wounds.

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