With various injuries of the skin surface, purulent wounds can form. The cause of the inflammatory process and the appearance of pus is pathogenic bacteria that penetrate open wounds and scratches.
The main signs in which it is necessary to urgently begin treatment of purulent wounds are an increase in body temperature, swelling around the damaged part of the body, painful sensations of a pulsating nature. Of course, you should first contact a specialist who will carefully examine the damaged area and prescribe the correct treatment for purulent wounds. In some cases, home wound care is sufficient; in others, an autopsy will be required by a professional surgeon. In any case, control is needed to rule out complications.
Direct treatment of purulent wounds depends on the stage of their healing. There are three main stages. The first stage is the resorption of dead skin cells and elimination of hemorrhage. At the second stage, granulations develop, which subsequently fill the tissue defect. The third stage is scar formation. But most often only two phases are distinguished: hydration and dehydration. As a rule, the first phase involves the elimination of edema, swelling, purulent focus by opening the abscess. In the second phase, the process of restoring skin cells and other tissues takes place.
Of course, effective treatment of purulent wounds largely depends on the individual characteristics of the structure of the human skin, as well as the state of the body and conditions in the purulent focus. It should be noted that good blood flow, the absence of foreign bodies, dead tissue cells and various microorganisms in the purulent focus significantly accelerates the healing and restoration process.
To determine how to treat purulent wounds, it is necessary to take into account the factors of their influence on the body. For example, in the hydration phase, the main task is to suppress the activity of harmful microorganisms, due to which a more rapid healing of a purulent wound occurs. First of all, keep the affected part of the body at rest and administer an antiseptic medication. Next, hyperemia should be increased with a salty bandage. This not only promotes healing, but also leads to the death of purulent microorganisms. In no case should you injure the walls of the wound, all actions should be as careful as possible.
The second phase assumes a different focus of activities - strengthening the processes of recovery and regeneration of skin cells. At this stage, the wound is protected from the penetration of various bacteria, and the gradual maturation of granulations begins. Dressings with vaseline oil or fish oil are effective, since these drugs help to fill the purulent wound and restore the epithelium. Also, the doctor may prescribe physiotherapy and physiotherapy exercises, which helps to quickly regain strength and maintain all the functions of the damaged part of the body.
Among the medicinal plants used in folk medicine when purulent wounds appear, calamus, cranberries, aloe, horsetail, sweet clover, nettle, etc. are isolated. places or apply their pulp to the wound in the form of a compress.
As a preventive measure, it is advisable to follow all the rules of personal hygiene, especially when small cracks and wounds appear. It is also necessary to strengthen the immune system (lead a healthy and active lifestyle, eat well, do not avoid physical activity), so that when an infection enters, the body fights against pathogens on its own.