Cryotherapy is increasingly being used to treat cervical erosion. After cryotherapy, there are practically no complications, and recovery occurs already 3-4 days after the procedure.
Erosion of the cervix is a common pathology that can be successfully treated today. One of the safest and most effective methods of erosion treatment is hardware cryodestruction. The procedure is performed on an outpatient basis and does not require hospitalization, is practically not accompanied by painful sensations and rarely causes complications.
For cryodestruction, liquid nitrogen is used, which cools the affected tissues to -190 ° C and more. Despite the ultra-low temperatures, the procedure is the least traumatic among the various treatments for cervical erosion. After cryodestruction, no scars remain and no bleeding occurs, since the vessels are narrowed under the influence of cold. After healing, the tissues retain their elasticity, which means that the procedure does not interfere with natural childbirth in the future and does not complicate the course of pregnancy. Cryodestruction can be safely used to treat nulliparous women. Cryotherapy does not require anesthesia: cooling of the tissues reduces sensitivity, therefore, during the procedure, the woman does not experience any pain.
Before the procedure, you must visit a gynecologist who will study the patient's history, make sure that there are no contraindications to cryotherapy and take all the necessary tests. There is no need to prepare for hospitalization - cryodestruction is performed on an outpatient basis, the procedure itself takes no more than 5-10 minutes, after which the woman can return to her usual routine.
Cryotherapy is performed using a special instrument attached to a liquid nitrogen cylinder. A cryoprocess is inserted into the vagina, which is then pressed against the erosion-affected area of the cervix. The doctor starts the supply of liquid nitrogen, and the affected tissue gradually turns white. Usually, the nitrogen supply lasts 3-5 minutes - this time is enough to treat the affected tissue.
The cryo-attachment is removed from the vagina 4-5 minutes after the end of the nitrogen supply in order to avoid trauma to the cervix. If the erosion was extensive, a second procedure may be necessary, the need for which is concluded by the gynecologist.
During the procedure, the woman does not experience pain, since under the influence of the cold, the tissues lose sensitivity. However, the patient may feel a tingling sensation and a slight burning sensation in the vagina. After the procedure, the woman needs to prepare for heavy discharge, which will last up to three weeks.
In order to avoid complications after cryotherapy, it is recommended to refrain from sexual intercourse for 1-2 months. Also, you should not take a hot bath, visit the pool, sauna, bath, swim in the river or sea. The final healing of the cervix after the release of dead tissue occurs in 2-3 months.