What Medications Help With Arthritis

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What Medications Help With Arthritis
What Medications Help With Arthritis

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Arthritis is inflammation of the joints accompanied by pain, swelling, and stiffness. Symptoms can range from mild leg pain to severe joint deformities. This is a common cause of disability. Arthritis cannot be completely cured, but pain and dysfunction can be largely controlled with a holistic approach that includes diet, exercise, acupuncture, and medication. Modern medications can significantly slow the progression of joint damage.

What medications help with arthritis
What medications help with arthritis

The choice of drug depends on the severity of the disease, the presence of other comorbidities, the risk of side effects, and the need for other medications. Treatment of arthritis depends on the success of the physician and, to a large extent, on the patient himself. Regular medication intake, timely feedback from the doctor, strict adherence to recommendations can greatly improve the patient's quality of life.

The main groups of drugs used in the treatment of arthritis: pain relievers and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, glucocorticosteroids, basic therapy drugs, chondroprotectors, immunomodulatory drugs, vitamins and minerals.

Pain relievers (analgesics)

Analgesics relieve pain, but not inflammation, unlike nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). They are most often prescribed for the treatment of osteoarthritis and some other painful but non-inflammatory forms of arthritis. These medicines may contain paracetamol, aspirin, codeine, or a combination of both. With the correct use of these drugs, side effects are rare. In any case, it is impossible to exceed the dose recommended by the doctor and use the drug for a long time without consulting a doctor.

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs

NSAIDs are used to relieve inflammation and swelling, and relieve pain and joint stiffness. This is the largest and most widely used group of drugs for the treatment of arthritis; the class of non-steroidal drugs includes more than 40 drugs. They are effective in relieving the symptoms of arthritis, but they cannot slow down the process of joint destruction.

NSAIDs block the release of prostaglandins and hormone-like substances that cause inflammation and pain. If therapy with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs is effective, within a week patients feel an increase in joint mobility and a decrease in pain. The most popular NSAIDs are Ketorolac (Ketanov), Diclofenac (Voltaren, Ortofen, Naklofen), Indomethacin, Analgin, Piroxicam, Naproxen, Ibuprofen and Meloxicam.

The side effect of these drugs is expressed in erosive and ulcerative lesions of the stomach and inhibition of platelet formation. In addition to lesions of the gastrointestinal tract, nephrotoxic, hepatotoxic, ototoxic and other side effects are also characteristic. To improve the tolerance of reducing the effect on the gastrointestinal tract, it is recommended to combine the intake of non-steroids with gastroprotectors, reduce the dose, use enteric-soluble forms, switch to intramuscular, rectal or local administration.

Chondroprotectors

These are agents that improve the structure of the cartilage. They help to strengthen the cartilage tissue and thereby slow down the progression of arthrosis. Chondroprotectors are taken in long courses, at least 3 months. It is necessary to carry out treatment 2 times a year.

Chondroprotectors come in capsules, tablets and powders (Structum, Teraflex, Artra, Chondrosamine), in the form of ointments (Chondroitin Akos, Chondroart, Chondroxide). Intra-articular injections of "Ostenil", "Fermatron" are carried out in hospitals.Dietary supplements - hondroprotectors ("Honda capsules", "ArtroStopPlus"), in contrast to drugs, have a lower content of active ingredients.

Vitamins and minerals for joint diseases

In the treatment of arthritis, vitamin monopreparations (folic acid, nicotinic acid, nicotinamide, etc.) or antioxidant complexes (Triovit, Tri-Vit, Antioxicaps Neurobeks, Neurorubin, Milgamma) are also used. Essential minerals for joint diseases are sulfur, selenium, zinc, manganese, copper, molybdenum. For the treatment of severe forms of arthritis, immunomodulatory drugs are used.

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