Laryngitis is contagious only if it is caused by a bacterial viral infection. The disease affects the upper respiratory tract and can be transmitted between people by airborne droplets.
Laryngitis is an inflammation of the larynx that is characterized by loss of voice and irritation of the vocal cords. This disease has a number of reasons, among which are smoking, crying, gastroesophageal reflux (regurgitation or belching), as well as various allergies. However, most often, laryngitis occurs as a result of an infectious lesion. Inflammation can also be caused by colds, flu, tonsillitis, bronchitis, or pneumonia. Transmission of a viral infection is unlikely and it is bacterial pathogens that are most often transmitted by airborne droplets.
If laryngitis is accompanied by an increase in temperature, it is likely that it was caused by pathogenic bacteria and was passed on from someone who is already sick. The disease is contagious for as long as symptoms are present, but the risk of infection may persist for 1–2 days after cure. If the infection is severe, treatment may take several weeks and the person may be contagious during this period.
The bacterium is transmitted through indirect contact by inhaling contaminated particles released by an infected person, such as coughing, sneezing or talking. You can avoid defeat by limiting contact with other people. Cover your mouth if you sneeze or cough.
Symptoms of infection are severe sore throat and increased discomfort when swallowing. Sometimes pain syndrome can manifest itself in the ear canal. The disease itself is often accompanied by a runny nose and inflammation of the glands. When these signs appear, you should seek help from a doctor who will prescribe the necessary course of antibiotics. During therapy, it is necessary to stay at home as much as possible, talk less and drink hot drinks.
A relatively rare type of the disease is fungal laryngitis, which is transmitted through direct contact with the source of infection. Usually, the condition can be diagnosed by visual examination - foci of inflammation with a characteristic bloom will be visible on the larynx. The disease progresses slowly and it may take several weeks before the first painful sensations appear. To prevent infection or spread of infection to others, you should wash your hands regularly and avoid direct contact with contaminated surfaces. This type of disease is treated with antifungal agents, the names of which can also be obtained after consultation with a specialist.