Estrogen, progesterone and testosterone are the three main hormones that have a direct impact on a woman and her behavior. Their balance depends not only on sexual and reproductive functions, but also on the physical and psycho-emotional state.
Estrogen is the hormone of youth
Deviation from the norm in the concentration of this biologically active substance contributes to menstrual dysfunction, the development of oncological diseases of the genital organs and memory impairment. Estrogen stimulates the development of the lining of the uterus, which is necessary for the successful attachment of a fertilized egg. Therefore, its significant imbalance is one of the most common causes of infertility.
With age, the function of the ovaries gradually fades, which leads to a decrease in the content of estrogen. With sharp changes in its concentration, a woman may experience a feeling of heat or chills, accompanied by the release of cold sweat. Such conditions are usually accompanied by surges in blood pressure and heartbeat.
Impaired estrogen production can be indicated by painful periods, menstrual periods longer than 36 days, weight gain, headaches, sleep disturbances and acne.
Progesterone imbalance is one of the causes of irritability
This hormone is produced by the corpus luteum, adrenal glands, and placenta during pregnancy. An increase in its concentration in the second half of the menstrual cycle can provoke a woman to sudden mood swings. In addition, with a low level of progesterone, there is pain in the mammary glands and in the lower abdomen in the first days of menstruation.
This hormone plays an important role during pregnancy. With its lack, conception may not occur at all or the likelihood of a miscarriage in the first trimester of pregnancy increases.
Characteristic signs of impaired progesterone production are dramatic weight loss or weight gain. Among the main causes of progesterone imbalance in a woman's body are long-term use of antidepressants and hormonal contraceptives, stress, bad habits and hereditary diseases.
Testosterone is not just a male hormone
This substance in the female body is responsible for performance and sexual desire. The higher its content, the more active the woman is. If it is impossible to realize a vivid sexual desire in bed, she goes in for work and sports with amazing zeal.
In addition, this hormone, by stimulating enkephalins (natural pain relievers), helps to reduce pain sensitivity and discomfort.
The widespread belief that excess testosterone is the reason for the formation of a masculine figure does not find confirmation.