The diagnosis "opisthorchiasis" can be heard infrequently. But this does not mean that the disease is not serious and not dangerous. If left untreated, it can easily lead to gastrointestinal problems and even liver or pancreatic cancer. Since anyone can get it, it is worth checking regularly for the presence of such a pathology. But not many people know how to get tested for opisthorchiasis.
By itself, opisthorchiasis is an infection with worms that take a fancy to the bile ducts, liver and gallbladder. As a result, worms clog them, leading to disruption of these vital organs. The causative agents of this disease are fluke Siberian fluke and cat fluke. You can get infected by eating raw or improperly cooked lake or river fish.
How does opisthorchiasis manifest?
It is often confused with other diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, because the symptoms are quite similar. Therefore, when going to be examined for gastritis or ulcers, at the same time pass an analysis for parasites.
Doctors divide opisthorchiasis into chronic and acute. Acute develops quickly and lasts for several weeks. In this case, the symptoms are quite pronounced: urticaria, an increase in the gallbladder, liver, pain in the hypochondrium, etc.
Chronic opisthorchiasis can last for years - in the statistics there are also 25-year periods of illness. In the chronic course of this disease, there are symptoms characteristic of pancreatitis, hepatitis and other similar diseases.
How to diagnose
It is quite problematic to make an accurate diagnosis for this disease. Doctors say that eggs of worms in research materials can be detected at the earliest only 4-6 weeks after infection. During this time, the worms, of course, will have time to multiply.
Much attention is paid to examining a person 1-1.5 months after he ate fish of the carp family. It is easier to suspect opisthorchiasis if the patient has characteristic symptoms during this period.
The doctor may prescribe an analysis for opisthorchiasis if the patient has high values of eosinophils in the blood. In addition, the indication for the delivery of such an analysis is the patient's residence in an endemic area, especially if he has pathologies of the biliary tract.
The most common diagnosis is a blood test. It is taken intravenously. If there are worms in the body, specific antibodies will necessarily appear in the blood, which are trying to cope with the problem on their own.
Also, research is carried out by the parasitological method. For research in this case, you need bile and feces. And if the patient can collect feces on his own, then the collection of bile should take place only in a hospital. Doctors will take a sample when probing the biliary tract.
As soon as the diagnosis is confirmed, it is necessary to immediately begin an adequate complex treatment. Otherwise, serious digestive problems can occur.