Intestinal dysbiosis is a clinical laboratory syndrome that develops as a result of changes in the qualitative and quantitative composition of the intestinal microflora. It is often accompanied by gastrointestinal upset.
Symptoms of dysbiosis in adults
Dysbacteriosis in adults is manifested by the following symptoms: the development of gastrointestinal dyspepsia, pain syndrome, impaired intestinal absorption. Common signs include weakness, fatigue, and headaches. The syndrome of gastrointestinal dyspepsia is manifested by stool disorders. Most often, diarrhea develops: the stool becomes more frequent up to 6-8 times a day, the feces become liquid, acquires a yellowish-green color and a sharp unpleasant odor.
Sometimes there may be constipation or alternating diarrhea with stool retention. Due to frequent bowel movements, pain in the anus appears. Belching, heartburn, nausea, flatulence caused by an increase in gas production and disturbances in the absorption and removal of gases are observed. Flatulence with dysbiosis is more pronounced in the 2nd half of the day and at night. Abdominal pain can be of a different nature.
Distressive pain symptom is caused by an increase in pressure in the intestine in case of damage to the small intestine. It is localized in the umbilical region. If dysbiosis of the large intestine has developed, pains appear in the iliac regions, they decrease after passing gas and defecation. Pain can be spastic, cramping, in this case, their intensity decreases after a bowel movement.
Syndrome of impaired intestinal absorption with dysbiosis
The syndrome of impaired intestinal absorption is manifested by persistent diarrhea, there are signs of a lack of certain substances in the body. With prolonged disturbance of intestinal absorption, general symptoms of ill health develop: immunity decreases, diseases of the bronchi, nasopharynx, skin, joints become frequent. Insufficient absorption of proteins leads to protein-energy malnutrition. A person loses weight, edema appears, dystrophic processes begin in the liver.
When carbohydrate absorption is impaired, hypoglycemia appears (a decrease in blood glucose levels). This condition does not disappear even after taking a concentrated sugar solution. Hypovitaminosis develops, it is manifested by seizures (pale skin, peeling, painful cracks in the corners of the mouth), dry skin, mucous membranes and other disorders. An allergic syndrome is observed: skin rashes, itching of the skin and mucous membranes.
Dysbiotic reactions should be distinguished from intestinal dysbiosis in adults - short-term changes in the intestinal microflora. They appear with a short exposure to negative factors and disappear on their own after eliminating the causes after 3-10 days without any special therapeutic measures.