One of the most common sexually transmitted infections is chlamydial. The disease can occur both acutely and in a latent form, but very often leads to infertility, therefore, it is necessary to be treated for chlamydia in a timely and comprehensive manner.
Chlamydiae are microorganisms similar in morphological properties to bacteria. They damage the organs of the genitourinary system, and in some cases, some others (nasopharynx, eyes, respiratory organs). For men, chlamydia disease is fraught with a decrease in sperm counts: the number and mobility of sperm, an increase in the number of abnormal and damaged units. In women, chlamydiae cause obstruction of the fallopian tubes, cause complications during pregnancy and disorders in the development of the fetus.
In the acute course, chlamydia has signs that are characteristic of other sexually transmitted diseases. Keep in mind that it is often asymptomatic and, when detected, is usually already chronic. In both cases, timely and correct diagnosis is very important.
First of all, consult a doctor (gynecologist, urologist, andrologist, dermatovenerologist). Take a smear for the determination of chlamydia by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and blood for enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) - detection of antibodies to chlamydia in the blood. These methods indicate with high certainty the presence or absence of infection in the body.
There is also a highly effective method for determining chlamydia - cultural, that is, sowing. It is quite expensive, laborious and time-consuming; moreover, it is not made everywhere. The advantage of seeding is that, in addition to detecting infection, during the diagnosis, the sensitivity of chlamydia to antibiotics of different groups is also established, which allows the doctor to immediately prescribe suitable and effective drugs for treatment.
Find out if there is a laboratory in your city that has special equipment for seeding chlamydia, and contact there. Take a scraping of urogenital discharge, wait for the test results and show them to the doctor. Do not try to interpret the conclusion of the laboratory and treat yourself: medications and dosage should be determined by a specialist.
For the treatment of chlamydia, antibiotics are used: tetracycline, doxycycline, erythromycin, rifampicin, sulfonamides. It is impossible to get rid of this infection by other means, so even if you are an ardent opponent of antibiotics, do not refuse them. At the same time, antibiotic therapy is effective when it is used in the right dosage for a certain number of days, so take the drugs exactly according to the scheme prescribed by the doctor, and do not cancel the intake yourself if there are obvious improvements.
To cure chlamydia, an integrated approach is needed. Along with antibiotics, as a rule, antifungal drugs (nystatin, levorin) are prescribed, as well as agents for symptomatic treatment, in particular, ointments that stimulate tissue restoration, treatment of the urethra or vagina with antiseptics, the introduction of tampons with drugs, etc. In addition, for local treatment, interferon ointment applications are widely used. Follow your doctor's orders and use all suggested methods of getting rid of chlamydia.
Try to boost your immunity to fight infection. Take vitamins, immunomodulatory drugs, eat right, lead a healthy lifestyle. All this contributes to a speedy recovery.
After the end of the course of treatment, take control tests. Repeat the research three more times at intervals of a month. If the clinical symptoms have disappeared, and the pathogen is not found in the blood and smear, then you are healthy.