Diseases of the eyelids account for about 10% of the total structure of ophthalmic diseases. They do not lead to loss of vision, but they cause a lot of inconvenience in everyday life. Therefore, the treatment of these diseases is an urgent problem for many people.
Diseases of the eyelids in humans can be divided into two large groups: infectious and non-infectious. The former are much more common, but this is no reason to underestimate the latter. After all, it is non-infectious diseases that become the "gateway" through which the infection penetrates. And both types require mandatory attention and careful treatment.
The most common of them are: conjunctivitis, barley and blepharitis. And conjunctivitis is not directly related to diseases of the eyelids, however, it is he who most often provokes the development of inflammation of the eyelids, and inflammation of the eyelid often spills over into this disease. Conjunctivitis is directly related to eye hygiene: dirty hands, contact with animals, bathing in dirty water easily become its cause.
Conjunctivitis is treated with regular eye drops and ointments.
Barley is an inflammation of the Zeiss sebaceous gland or ciliary follicles, due to which a dense pouch forms under the skin at the edge, usually of the lower eyelid, under the skin. Barley is subdivided into external and internal (the so-called acute meibomitis), among themselves they differ in the location of the tumor and the clinical picture. The causative agent is Staphylococcus aureus, and the disease develops with lightning speed. Suppuration in the tumor lasts several days, and usually opens itself, but if this does not happen, you should consult a doctor as soon as possible so that the tumor can be opened on an outpatient basis.
However, barley treatment is performed not only by opening the tumor. With this disease, antibacterial drops are prescribed, as well as antibacterial ointments.
However, the most common disease of the eyelids is not barley and not the inflammation associated with conjunctivitis, but blepharitis. And coping with such a disease is not easy. Its cause is demodex, a microscopic mite that in a healthy person simply lives on the surface of the skin, but as soon as an infection develops or immunity falls, demodex begins to provoke inflammation of the eyelids. Moreover, it is chronic. The disease has five forms: simple blepharitis, ulcerative, angular, scaly, and demodectic.
Treating blepharitis is a difficult process, since most of the medications that help with this ailment are quite toxic to the human body. That is why, most often, they are treated with the help of hygiene procedures that reduce the number of parasites on the skin.
Non-infectious diseases include allergic reactions, from which the eyelids suffer in the first place. In this case, such a symptom often arises as dry skin of the eyelid - it itches, peels off, becomes covered with a thin crust. In this case, in no case should you scratch the eyelid, since this seriously increases the risk of infection.
Treatment depends on the cause of the dryness. If the cause is an allergy, which was mentioned above, it is necessary to isolate the allergen and take antihistamines. If the matter is in the skin itself, then moisturizing ointments can help, and compresses from tea relieve the burning sensation. Sometimes such a symptom of dryness is a sign of vitamin deficiency and metabolic disorders in the body, therefore, as a treatment, you can use vitamin-mineral complexes with an increased content of vitamin A and E.
Another common non-infectious disease is the volvulus of the eyelid. This happens both on the lower and upper eyelids, and the reason is a decrease in the production of the secretion of the sebaceous glands, age-related changes, too thin skin of the eyelids.In this case, the eyelid begins to tuck inward, sometimes - with each blink, causing strong feelings of discomfort. In addition, this twisting can eventually lead to destruction of the cornea of the eye.
There is only one treatment in this case - surgical intervention, in which the diseased eyelid is artificially shortened, and it acquires the necessary elasticity.