What Is A Migraine And How Is It Different From A Regular Headache

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What Is A Migraine And How Is It Different From A Regular Headache
What Is A Migraine And How Is It Different From A Regular Headache

Video: What Is A Migraine And How Is It Different From A Regular Headache

Video: The difference between a migraine and headaches 2022, December
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Migraine is not a disease, it is a functional disorder caused by dysregulation of vascular tone. It can appear for the first time in the period from 10 to 30 years. Women are more likely to suffer from migraines than men.

What is a migraine and how is it different from a regular headache
What is a migraine and how is it different from a regular headache

Migraine causes

Migraine is a borderline condition between health and illness. The main reason for its development is emotional stress. Under stress, hormonal regulation is activated to ensure the necessary activity in the body. As a result, muscle tone increases, the pain threshold decreases, blood pressure rises, and the activity of the immune system decreases.

In chronic stress, there is a breakdown of the regulatory mechanisms, which manifest themselves in the form of vegetative crises. A migraine attack occurs when the arteries leading to the lining of the brain narrow and then widen. This leads to irritation of the pain receptors. Sometimes the cause of a migraine is a malformation of a blood vessel.

The difference between migraine and headache

Migraine symptoms should be distinguished from headache symptoms. Migraine is manifested by one-sided, severe, throbbing pain, localized in the region of the crown, eyes, forehead, temples. The attacks of pain are accompanied by: nausea, vomiting, intolerance to light, sounds. The pain symptom increases with little physical exertion, for example, when climbing stairs. The provoking factors can be: stress, lack or excess of sleep, change of weather, alcohol intake, feeling of hunger, stuffiness, premenstrual syndrome. Sleep, vomiting contribute to the relief of the attack.

Migraine may be accompanied by attacks of rapid heartbeat, short-term increase or decrease in blood pressure, dizziness, chills, weakness. Sometimes there is sweating, feeling short of breath, feet and hands become cold. Muscle cramps, pains in various parts of the body, and abdominal discomfort are observed. A migraine attack is accompanied by a feeling of anxiety, anxiety, fear.

The headache is bilateral, it is shingles in nature and is localized in the occiput, temples, and crown. Usually it appears after a strong emotional stress, in rare cases, headache is accompanied by nausea. The attacks are independent of physical activity. Headaches can be caused by: stress, tension of the neck muscles when a certain position of the head is forced, for example, while working at a computer or while driving a car. A common headache also appears due to colds, flu, and inflammatory diseases of the ENT organs.

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