The climacteric period is the most difficult time in the life of every woman. Serious hormonal changes affect the function of the reproductive system. A woman experiences unpleasant symptoms that are simply impossible to ignore.
Hot flashes are a typical symptom of an approaching menopause. A sudden feeling of heat in the upper body is accompanied by reddening of the face, neck, and the appearance of profuse sweat. The tide lasts from 1 to 5 minutes and can be repeated up to 50 times during the day.
Insomnia is also a signal that menopause is approaching. Most often, sleep disturbance is caused by hot flashes at night. Changes in the hormonal background are accompanied by increased irritability, frequent mood changes, tearfulness, depression, which also has the most negative effect on the quality of sleep. As a result, the woman feels completely broken and disabled in the morning.
Premenopause is the first stage of menopause. The menstrual cycle becomes irregular. At this time, the level of estrogen and progesterone decreases in direct proportion. It is this circumstance that provokes the onset of hot flashes, sweating, irritability, insomnia. The vaginal mucosa becomes thinner, the amount of natural lubrication is significantly reduced. Many women begin to avoid sexual intercourse, which negatively affects the relationship between spouses.
The next step is the immediate onset of menopause. On average, menopause occurs at 45-51 years. Depending on the general health of the woman, menopause may occur earlier or later.
The climacteric period lasts from 3 to 15 years. If 12 months have passed since the last menstrual period, you can diagnose the onset of menopause. During this time, the FSH level is constantly changing. Therefore, even modern testing offered by well-known brands cannot give a reliable result. However, laboratory methods for determining the level of FSH allow you to determine a persistent increase in the hormone and say with confidence that menopause has come.
The woman continues to be bothered by frequent hot flashes, bone density decreases, cardiovascular pathologies occur, increased hair growth on the body and face begins, testosterone levels significantly increase during menopause. Testosterone accumulates in adipose tissue, and it is partially synthesized into estrogen, as the body is still trying to make up for the lack of female sex hormones.
Modern hormone replacement therapy helps to neutralize or reduce the manifestations of menopause, which in turn allows women to feel full of strength and energy during menopause, feel all the delights of life and maintain a blooming appearance for many years.