Currently, many married couples are faced with some kind of difficulties when trying to conceive a child. Fortunately, modern medicine offers assisted reproductive technologies to help find the desired baby. The most effective of these is the in vitro fertilization (IVF) procedure, recognized as the most effective in the treatment of male and female infertility.
What is IVF?
The essence of this technique is that the fertilization of eggs occurs outside the woman's body - in a glass test tube with a nutrient medium, which is placed in an incubator. Hence the term "test tube baby". After 2-5 days, each fertilized egg turns into a group of cells, which is already called an embryo. The healthiest of them are inserted into the uterus using a thin catheter. During the procedure, it is necessary to do a control ultrasound. The number of embryos to be implanted depends on the patient's age and her chances of success. With a successful procedure, one or more embryos attach to the wall of the uterus and continue to grow. The fact of pregnancy can be established after two weeks using a blood test for hCG - human chorionic gonadotropin. Tubes with "extra" embryos can stand in the freezer for a long time and be used in the future if this IVF attempt is unsuccessful.
The result of artificial insemination largely depends on the woman's age; after 40 years, the success of the procedure is observed in 10% of cases.
What are the benefits of IVF?
In vitro fertilization is effective when one or both partners have problems conceiving. For example, with obstruction of the fallopian tubes in a woman or changes in the composition of sperm in a man.
This procedure is also effective for unexplained causes of infertility. The manipulation is absolutely painless and harmless to the mother and the unborn baby.
Numerous studies show that IVF babies are no different from ordinary babies conceived naturally.
Disadvantages of in vitro fertilization
Certain medications a woman must take during the procedure can have serious side effects. During this period, it is advisable to be under the close supervision of the medical staff. Usually, more than one embryo is implanted during IVF, which can lead to multiple pregnancies, increasing the likelihood of miscarriage and other complications.
Every married couple faced with the problem of conception must weigh the pros and cons in order to understand which method of fertility treatment is more acceptable for them. The use of IVF will cost a lot of money and effort, but one should not despair. Patience and self-confidence will lead to the long-awaited motherhood and fatherhood!