IVF is a very popular procedure for treating almost all forms of infertility today. The principle of IVF is that the patient's (future mother's) egg cell is artificially fertilized with the man's (future father's) sperm, i.e. in a test tube, and then the fertilized egg is transplanted into the woman's uterus. For the IVF procedure, as well as for pregnancy, you need to prepare well.
First of all, future parents should prepare the documentation necessary for IVF: civil passports of future mothers and fathers, a marriage certificate if the relationship is officially registered.
A woman before IVF should be provided with blood tests for RW, AIDS, hepatitis B and C. And also prepare a medical document, which indicates the blood type and Rh factor of the expectant mother.
When preparing for IVF, a woman needs to pass a smear test from the genital tract for flora and various sexually transmitted infections, such as mycoplasma, ureaplasma, chlamydia, herpes, candidiasis, cytomegalovirus.
The results of hormonal studies (FSH, prolactin, LH and testosterone) are also included in the list of tests required in preparation for IVF.
In addition, a woman before IVF should definitely have an ECG of the heart (electrocardiogram).
In preparation for IVF, the expectant mother will also need a medical report on the condition of the fallopian tubes, for example, an ultrasound of the internal genital organs.
Also, a woman planning to become a mother with the help of IVF should prepare a therapist's conclusion about the absence of contraindications for bearing a child.
IVF specialists will also require a woman's basal temperature schedule for the last 2-3 months.
If a woman has previously undergone IVF or was treated for infertility in a clinic, she should be provided with extracts from the medical institutions in which she was served.
A few months before the planned IVF, both spouses should stop smoking or reduce the number of cigarettes smoked per day to a minimum. It has been scientifically proven that the harmful substances contained in cigarette smoke have a negative effect on both a woman's egg and a man's sperm.
It is also necessary to stop taking medications and various food additives not prescribed by a doctor in preparation for IVF.
Naturally, you should forget about taking alcohol while preparing for IVF.
Excessive weight of the expectant mother can also negatively affect the results of IVF.
Six months before the planned IVF procedure, a woman is recommended to start a daily intake of folic acid (400 μg per day) in order to avoid defects in the fetal neural tube.
When preparing for IVF, an expectant mother should check if she is immune to rubella. If there is no immunity, the woman needs to get the necessary vaccinations so as not to get rubella during pregnancy. Children whose mothers have had this disease during pregnancy often have problems with hearing and mental development.
The IVF specialist, in preparation for this popular procedure, should be informed about the presence of all chronic diseases.
In preparation for IVF, both parents-to-be should follow a healthy diet, less often drink strong coffee.
And, of course, both the expectant mother and the future father need to prepare mentally for IVF. After all, perhaps, in a few months, they will become the happy parents of the most adorable baby in the world. But you also need to be prepared for the fact that the first IVF procedure in their life may turn out to be ineffective.