First of all, it is necessary to determine what is secondary infertility in women. This is a temporary or permanent inability to conceive with at least one born child. In conditions of a deteriorating ecology and constant stress, the number of couples suffering from secondary infertility is inexorably growing, so the question of its diagnosis and possible treatment is acute.
Causes of secondary infertility in women
There are a great many reasons for secondary infertility of a couple. Among the simplest and most obvious leaders is the banal aging of the body - the older the couple, the less chances they have for pregnancy, all other factors being equal.
In addition, the number of non-developing pregnancies and miscarriages is increasing due to the increasing number of gynecological pathologies in women and genetic abnormalities in fetuses. At risk for gynecological diseases are women who have had STIs, have had even 1 abortion of any kind (curettage, vacuum or pharmaceutical abortion), have experienced complete or incomplete miscarriage, cesarean section or any other gynecological operation. Women who have suffered complications after childbirth (for example, a hematometer) are also at risk of getting a diagnosis of secondary infertility.
Another common cause of secondary infertility is hormonal imbalance. Hormonal imbalance can lead to both the inability to become pregnant (for example, against the background of the absence of ovulation or irregular menstruation), and the threat of termination of pregnancy against the background of a lack of pregnancy hormone or an excess of prolactin hormone or male hormones, as well as hypofunction or hyperfunction of the thyroid gland.
The next reason is gynecological diseases of an inflammatory nature (endometritis, cervicitis, adnexitis), which can both prevent the embryo from attaching to the uterine cavity, and create a threat of its rejection or infection during pregnancy.
The list of what causes infertility in women can be continued with a relatively new and little-studied factor - the incompatibility of spouses at the immune level.
Not the least role is played by the lifestyle associated with stress, smoking and alcohol abuse, as well as living and working in ecologically unfavorable areas.
A common cause of infertility in men is diseases (prostatitis, varicocele, etc.).
Can secondary infertility be cured?
Despite all of the above, secondary infertility is curable in the overwhelming majority of cases, since medicine does not stand still and offers numerous methods of treatment - for both men and women.