What Is Arthrosis And How To Treat It

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What Is Arthrosis And How To Treat It
What Is Arthrosis And How To Treat It

Video: What Is Arthrosis And How To Treat It

Video: New Treatments for Knee Arthritis | Sid Padia, MD | UCLAMDChat 2022, December

Severe pain, limited mobility, swelling, stiffness and deformation of the joint, muscle contractures - all these are symptoms of a serious disease - arthrosis. In the absence of correct and proper treatment, this process can eventually lead to joint immobility and disability.

What is arthrosis and how to treat it
What is arthrosis and how to treat it


Step 1

Arthrosis is a degenerative-dystrophic chronic change in the cartilage of the joint, which further leads to deformation of the bone tissue. The disease covers not only the cartilage, but the entire joint (synovium, ligaments, periarticular muscles, subchondral bone). First of all, arthrosis affects the knee joints, followed by the hip joints, then the joints of the big toe. Much less often, the interphalangeal and ankle joints located on the fingers of the hands suffer from this ailment.

Step 2

In the initial stage of the disease, mild pain appears in the affected joints. This is the reason that arthrosis is very often triggered. Pain syndrome in the second stage of the disease occurs with minor loads on the joints. In the third stage of arthrosis, pain will haunt even with immobility. Another proof of the disease is a rough and dry crunch that occurs when the articular surfaces are rubbed. It should be noted here that a ringing crunch in the joints is harmless in the absence of pain. Another serious symptom of arthrosis is the modification of the affected joints.

Step 3

There are several basic principles for the treatment of arthrosis: orthopedic regimen, pharmacotherapy, limiting stress on joints, physiotherapy exercises, proper nutrition, oxygenation of the joint, shock wave and laser therapy, magnetotherapy, pulsed electromagnetic therapy, intraosseous blockade, decompression of metaepiphysis, spa treatment … This scheme is considered classic in the treatment of arthrosis.

Step 4

You should also dwell on pharmacotherapy, which is aimed at reducing inflammation and pain. Doctors are increasingly prescribing NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) intramuscularly or intravenously to quickly get a therapeutic effect without injuring the stomach lining. The local use of these funds is considered as an addition to the main treatment, since the effectiveness of gels and ointments is extremely low.

Step 5

During an exacerbation of the disease, intra-articular hormonal corticosteroids are prescribed (Kenalog, Diprospan, Hydrocortisone). Sometimes in addition, a hot pepper alkaloid is used in the form of an ointment, patch or alcohol tincture. Also, the doctor prescribes substances that contribute to the restoration of cartilaginous tissues, improve the quality of fluid in the joints - chondroprotectors. The duration of the course continues until the patient receives the first effect. If no signs of drug exposure are observed within six months, then they are canceled.

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