"Nootropil" is a drug that has an activating effect on learning, improves mental performance and memory. The drug is widely used in the treatment of psychiatric and neurological diseases. Available in the form of capsules, tablets, oral solution and injection.
"Nootropil" consists of the active substance piracetam and auxiliary components: distilled water, glacial acetic acid and sodium acetate trihydrate. It is a cyclic derivative of gamma-aminobutyric acid. The drug improves cognitive processes and mental performance. It directly affects the nervous system: it enhances metabolic processes in nerve cells, normalizes the spread of excitation in the brain, improves microcirculation and does not cause a vasodilator effect. Also "Nootropil" increases the connection between the two hemispheres of the brain, thereby improving cerebral blood flow.
The drug is prescribed for elderly people who suffer from memory loss and concentration loss, patients with Alzheimer's disease. "Nootropil" is recommended for the treatment of chronic alcoholism, the consequences of ischemic stroke, coma, sickle cell anemia. Also, the tool is used in the complex treatment of low learning ability of schoolchildren with psychoorganic syndrome and for the treatment of cortical myoclonus.
The drug is taken orally and parenterally. Orally used on an empty stomach or during meals. The daily dose is divided into 2 - 4 parts. In the treatment of chronic psychoorganic syndrome, from 1, 2 to 2, 4 g per day are prescribed. During the treatment period for stroke, 4, 8 g per day are recommended, for coma - 9-12 g per day. The duration of the course is three weeks. The daily dose of the drug for alcoholic abscess syndrome is 12 g. Small patients are prescribed 3.3 g per day to normalize learning disabilities. The therapy lasts the entire academic year. Before using Nootropil, it is necessary to conduct a general medical examination. An individual treatment regimen is prescribed by the attending physician.
"Nootropil" is contraindicated in acute disorders of cerebral circulation, renal failure, hypersensitivity to the components of the drug. Taking the drug causes side effects such as headaches, weight gain, nausea, hyperkinesia, nervousness, depression, ataxia and allergic reactions.
The drug is prescribed with caution to patients with pathologies of hemostasis, severe bleeding and after extensive surgical interventions. With prolonged use of the drug, the indicators of renal function should be monitored.