Digital Eye Disease Or Dry Eye Syndrome

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Digital Eye Disease Or Dry Eye Syndrome
Digital Eye Disease Or Dry Eye Syndrome

Video: Digital Eye Disease Or Dry Eye Syndrome

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We spend more and more time at the monitor, and our eyes are in constant tension, motionless looking at the screen. According to some studies, 68% of young people suffer from "digital eye disease". Scientists are already talking about a worldwide epidemic. Office workers spend more than 8 hours a day in front of a computer. And if you add to this the time spent with a smartphone, which is used in bed, at lunch and even in the toilet, then more than 10 hours a day will be released in front of the screen.

Digital Eye Disease, or Syndrome
Digital Eye Disease, or Syndrome

Instructions

Step 1

Spending a huge number of hours in front of the monitor day after day from year to year, you need to understand that this will not remain ineffectual for the eyes - they are very fatigued. Over time, the lens loses its elasticity and the eyes have to strain more to adjust the focus.

Dry eye syndrome can occur if you spend more than 2 hours a day in front of a screen.

Step 2

Symptoms of the "digital disease"

Symptoms of the disease are manifested in the following signs: from redness and irritation of the eyes, tired eyes, back and neck, to blurry vision and headaches. In mild forms, it is discomfort and eye fatigue. In severe forms - a burning sensation, redness of the eyes, swollen eyelids. Sometimes a person even at night with closed eyelids experiences pain in the eyes. It happens that the eyes are watery - this is a reaction to dryness. Sometimes the sensitivity to light is so strong that the person has to wear sunglasses. According to experts, such an overload can lead to serious problems.

Step 3

Causes of the syndrome

There are a number of causes of the disease:

- elderly age;

- hormonal disruptions (for example, during pregnancy or in adolescence);

- excessive ultraviolet irradiation, prolonged stay in rooms with dry air (air conditioners and heating devices dry the air);

- long-term work at the computer (while the frequency of blinking per minute is reduced to 4-5 times at a rate of 10-15);

- rheumatic diseases;

- diabetes;

- cataract, glaucoma;

- taking medications: beta-blockers, antidepressants, hormonal drugs.

Step 4

Recommendations for dry eye syndrome:

- when working at the computer for a long time, take small pauses from time to time and look into the distance;

- avoid long stays in rooms with air conditioning turned on;

- ventilate the room more often;

- quit smoking;

- blink more often;

- do gymnastics for the eyes.

If dry eye syndrome is expressed in a mild form, then moisturizers ("artificial tear") are used to eliminate it. In this case, you need to pay attention to the fact that preservatives are included in the eye drops. They extend the shelf life of the medicine when opened, which is why they are added to most eye drops. The most commonly used preservatives are benzalkonium chloride and polyquad. Benzalkonium chloride, with prolonged use, causes inflammatory eye damage. Poliquad is safer for the eyes. In addition, there are eye drops without preservatives, a corresponding mark is put on them - BC. Ophthalmologists also recommend preparations containing hyaluronic acid.

Step 5

An ophthalmologist should be consulted for an accurate diagnosis of dry eye syndrome. Using special tests, he examines the rate of formation of tear fluid, and also examines the presence of corneal defects.

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