Insomnia And Insomnia: Differences And Types

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Insomnia And Insomnia: Differences And Types
Insomnia And Insomnia: Differences And Types

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Insomnia is a word that is familiar to many, in contrast to the word insomnia. How are these states characterized and distinguished? Or maybe insomnia and insomnia are the same thing?

Insomnia and insomnia: differences and types
Insomnia and insomnia: differences and types

Sleep disturbance is an extremely common problem, which especially affects people living in large cities.

This condition can occur for various reasons. In one person, difficulties with sleep come to life under the influence of severe anxiety, because of stress, a disturbed daily routine, which is dictated by the peculiarities of work. Another person may experience sleep disturbances due to neurotic or borderline illnesses such as depression. Someone suffers from drowsiness and is faced with uneven sleep at night due to organic diseases.

There are a lot of other reasons that can be distinguished. However, whatever the cause, sleep disturbances are commonly referred to as insomnia. But is it?

How is insomnia different from insomnia?

In the scientific field, as such, the concept of "insomnia" does not exist. Why? Because the conventional definition of insomnia includes the idea that a person does not sleep at all. There are some serious diseases, including genetic ones, that do lead to persistent sleep deprivation. As a rule, they are incurable, progress rapidly and end in death. In other cases, a person, suffering from sleep disturbances, still sleeps, even if he does not realize it. The duration of the rest can be short, someone is completely content with only microsleep for some time. However, from a scientific point of view, it is completely wrong to call the condition insomnia.

Insomnia is a word that has not yet firmly entered the everyday lexicon. For some, it may seem new, unfamiliar at all. However, insomnia is the correct term for common sleep disorders.

Insomnia means difficulty falling asleep, short-term sleep with awakenings, getting up early with a feeling of severe fatigue, frustrated state after sleeping at the wrong / inappropriate time, etc. In some cases, insomnia may be called asomnia.

What insomnia can be

Sleep disorders are divided into two types:

  1. Acute or transient; this condition lasts one or two nights, may occur from time to time, but pass quickly, painlessly and without any serious effects; often difficulties with sleep arise due to direct sleep deprivation, when a person deliberately denies himself adequate rest for any reason;
  2. Long-term or chronic; in this case, the person toils without normal sleep for a long time, the condition constantly recurs, it may be impossible to cope with it on your own; in chronic insomnia, the risk of developing anxiety disorder, clinical depression, neurotic state, panic attacks, phobias (for example, fear of going to bed, fear of being unable to sleep / falling asleep again), physiological disorders in the body, and the risk of developing pathologies of the nervous system sharply increases.

Types of insomnia (insomnia)

Insomnia is usually divided into three types. However, it rarely happens that only one condition (one kind) haunts a person. Gradually, if insomnia progresses or becomes a chronic pathology, the patient is faced with all three types of condition.

The first type: presomnichesky. This is a situation when a person, even very much wanting to fall asleep, cannot fall asleep in any way. He falls into a superficial slumber, but is knocked out of sleep. Thoughts in my head do not allow me to calm down, anxiety grows, the pillow feels hard, the bed becomes completely uncomfortable. In some cases, personal sleep rituals, relaxation techniques, meditation, or soothing herbal teas can help calm you down.

The second kind: intrasomnic.This type characterizes the moments when a person sleeps very badly at any time of the day. He quickly "passes out", but sound sleep does not last long. The person wakes up often, sometimes at very short intervals. In moments of awakening, it becomes extremely difficult to fall asleep again. In this case, a kind of "reboot" can help: you need to get out of bed, go to the toilet or bathroom, breathe out the window, brush your teeth again, drink hot tea or milk, and then go back under the covers.

Third type: post-somnic. Tired of the day, a person falls asleep before his head touches the pillow. His sleep is more or less even and deep, but awakening occurs in the very early morning hours. At the same time, a person does not feel fully rested, he feels weak in the whole body and a desire to sleep more, but it is no longer possible to fall asleep again. In this case, it is recommended to try not to be nervous, to stay in bed as long as possible. You can read a little - it is better to choose a very boring and boring book - or listen to quiet, quiet music.

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