Diarrhea, also known as diarrhea, is not a disease; it is one of the most pronounced symptoms of a wide variety of lesions of the gastrointestinal tract, a nervous disorder or a consequence of acute poisoning.
Diarrhea manifests itself as loose and frequent stools, abdominal cramps, an increase in subfibril temperature are also characteristic, and sometimes diarrhea may be accompanied by vomiting. In children, weakened patients and the elderly, diarrhea can cause dehydration, for the rest, as a rule, one-time diarrhea does not pose a particular threat.
There are many reasons for diarrhea. These include infection of microflora due to taking, for example, unboiled water, various types of food allergies or drug allergies, intolerance to any type of food, a change in diet, any intestinal infection, parasites. There are also more serious causes, for example, rectal cancer or inflammation of a part of the digestive tract, ulcerative inflammation. Sometimes stress or severe distress can cause diarrhea in an adult.
The most common cause of diarrhea is acute intestinal infections, which cause temporary bowel disruption. Intestinal infections today rank second in the world in terms of prevalence, second only to acute respiratory diseases. What is characteristic: intestinal infections, contrary to popular belief, are transmitted not only by fecal matter or through a handshake, they can fly just like ARVI.
Persistent violation of the intestinal microflora is called dysbiosis.
The mechanism of development of intestinal infection is simple. Once in the digestive system, part of the pathogenic bacteria dies, but part passes into the stomach or duodenum, where it begins to actively multiply and destroy the beneficial bacteria of the human body. The toxins released during such an attack are the cause of intestinal distress. In this case, diarrhea is accompanied by weakness, nausea, and dizziness.
Lack of enzymatic activity. Low enzyme production is usually the result of a disease or antibiotic intake. To normalize the stool, doctors do not prescribe fasteners, as usual, but powders and suspensions that contain live bacteria that temporarily replace enzymatic activity. The time-out given to the body by bacteria allows you to “build up strength” and independently normalize digestive activity.
Lack of vitamins and minerals
Lack, however, as well as an excess of vitamins such as C, BB, P6, B2, F, leads to diarrhea. As a rule, diarrhea goes away quickly: vitamins do not know how to accumulate and retain in the body, and therefore, after a maximum of two days, the diarrhea will stop. And in the case of a lack of these substances, the body starts a "compensation mode", i.e. either replaces the insufficient element, or is rebuilt to a disease characteristic of the given situation.
Recurrent regular diarrhea indicates the presence of the disease. It could be Crohn's disease, an ulcer, or cancer. Only specialists can diagnose pathology. Neither the therapist nor the patient himself can find out the reason only by stool or its regularity, complex studies are needed.
The patient should be alerted not only to diarrhea, but also to cramps in the abdomen, heaviness or pain in the hypochondrium, dizziness, nausea, and coughing fits.
Complications that can occur with diarrhea are dehydration, which is accompanied by dry mouth, persistent thirst, and difficulty breathing. In rare cases, there is asphyxia, severe tachycardia.
It is not recommended to drink raw untreated water, especially in nature, for example from springs.
To avoid diarrhea, you need to follow simple preventive measures.Observe hygiene, wash your hands with soap and water after going to the toilet and always before eating. And also after cooking, especially if you have been in contact with raw meat products.
Diarrhea can be caused by unpasteurized foods or bacteria found in raw meat and poultry. Such products must necessarily undergo heat treatment before being placed on the table. After cooking, do not leave food warm for a long time.