Medicinal herbs that help fight ailments will only have an effect when they are correctly collected, properly dried and properly stored. Violations committed at any of these stages can nullify all your efforts to procure medicinal raw materials. There are special rules for storing herbs, roots, fruits and flowers.
Each type of herb must be stored separately. This rule is especially relevant when it comes to plants with a strong odor, which contain a large percentage of essential oils and other volatile substances. These include, for example, mint, oregano, thyme, valerian. These herbs and flowers (as well as roots and fruits) are best kept in glass jars. If you place them in cardboard boxes or linen bags next to other herbs, the strong smell will be transmitted to all plants.
Different parts of the plant should also be kept separately. Separately leaves, separately flowers, separately roots, etc. Even parts belonging to the same plant need to be assigned different locations, because they have different storage conditions and periods.
Herbs should be stored in cardboard boxes, wooden crates, baskets, linen bags or paper bags. That is, in a container that allows air to pass through. Store plants with a strong odor in glass or ceramic jars with a tight-fitting lid and always in a dark place, or wrap the jar in dark paper. Open the lid periodically for ventilation. If conditions permit (no direct sunlight, dry air, good ventilation), herbs can be stored in bunches suspended from a rope or cloves. Cellophane bags, coffee and tea bags, plastic containers are not suitable for storing medicinal herbs, because they are too dense, the grass in them can simply "suffocate".
Herbs should be stored in a dry, clean, well-ventilated area. Direct sunlight and high humidity are destructive for them. Check your stocks as often as possible - sort, inspect, sniff. If the herbs, roots or fruits become moldy, throw them away without regret, they will no longer be useful. Some roots (dandelion, burdock, rhubarb) and bark are quickly attacked by insects, so canvas bags are best for storing them, which should be hung in a draft. The ideal option is to store the roots on the balcony or in the basement, in a box with dry and clean river sand.
Sign plants. Write the name of the herb (flowers, fruits, roots), year and month of collection on the box or bag with a felt-tip pen. Herbs do not lose their healing properties for two years, fruits - three years, roots and bark - up to five years. However, there are exceptions. So, for hawthorn fruits, longer storage is characteristic - up to 8 years, bird cherry - up to 6 years, field horsetail is stored for 4 years, bearberry leaves for 5 years, and licorice roots - up to 10 years.