Coping with drunkenness is no easy task. Everyone knows about the insidious effect of alcohol, but nevertheless, many people suffer from the consequences of drinking it.
With an excessive passion for alcohol, a person's life may not change for the better. A significant role is played by the withdrawal syndrome, which is also called withdrawal symptoms. Alcohol withdrawal syndrome feels like a hangover, which is the cause of delusions. The symptoms are quite similar, but the hangover appears in people who drink alcohol a little. In this case, the body is able to fight its action on its own.
With the manifestation of alcohol withdrawal syndrome, the help of doctors is needed. The period during which the condition will be painful lasts in different ways. The timing depends on how strong the body is and how much alcohol is taken regularly. The longer a person drinks, the more the disease will manifest itself.
What are the features of the pathological condition
Specialists have not yet created a detailed description for the process of developing withdrawal syndrome. Addiction manifests itself differently in everyone, since alcohol does not affect the body in the same way. The liver, kidneys, nervous system may be affected, depending on the state of the body.
With the regular use of alcoholic beverages, a detrimental effect is exerted on the entire body as a whole. Poisonous substances accumulate in the liver, which at a certain moment ceases to cope with their processing. This eventually leads to cirrhosis.
If you quit drinking alcohol abruptly, the gastrointestinal tract, the nervous system and the human psyche receive a strong shock, and the stimulating substances in the body must be urgently replenished. Therefore, withdrawal symptoms have pronounced symptoms, and this condition can last from several days to several weeks.
You can list several symptoms of withdrawal symptoms that help distinguish it from a banal hangover. The patient has the following signs of poor condition:
· Sweating increases.
· Soreness in the head and neck region.
· Nausea that turns into vomiting.
· Psychomotor agitation.
· Hypertension or tachycardia.
· Seizures with convulsions.
· General weakness, poor health.
· Tremor of eyelids, tongue and hands.
· Possible hallucinations.
Persons with chronic alcoholism sometimes show secondary signs of alcohol withdrawal. They can resemble a common hangover:
· Depressed general condition.
· Constant worry.
· The mood gets confused, a person can quickly move from a calm state to an angry, gloomy state, become irritated for no serious reason.
· Constant strong desire to drink something stronger.
If the withdrawal syndrome becomes severe, the severity of the symptoms may worsen. Basically, such manifestations are associated with the strength of the psyche:
· Suicidal tendencies.
· Metallic psychosis.
With a neurovegetative state, there are often problems with the body such as facial swelling, tachycardia and lethargy, loss of appetite, excessive sweating and sleep problems, hand tremors, and blood pressure surges. The list can expand depending on how severe the severity of the condition is.
If alcohol withdrawal is being treated, the patient may be issued a sick leave.
Diagnosing withdrawal symptoms
Determining the presence of a withdrawal syndrome is not so difficult. To do this, you will need to assess the behavior of a person who drinks alcohol over several days. During this time, you can track several signs of the disease, which appeared due to the influence of alcohol.
Alcoholics do not always admit that they have a problem.When making a diagnosis, many perceive it rather aggressively. Regardless of how long the disease lasts, specialists should deal with its treatment. This is a psychiatrist, narcologist and toxicologist.
Is a favorable outcome of treatment possible?
For advice on how to treat the disease, a complete examination is necessary. After a range of diagnostic measures, it will be clear what are the features of the disorder in the body's work and which methods of treatment will bring the greatest effect.
In some cases, hospitalization may be required. It is necessary at a stage characterized by the following features:
· Changes in internal organs.
· Fever for a long time.
· Increased temperature.
Transportation of a patient to a hospital is allowed only under the supervision of a specialist who can monitor the patient's condition. If a person is really bad, in the conditions of a medical institution, the staff will be able to stabilize him. About how long the withdrawal syndrome will last in a particular person, it is better to ask the doctor who is observing the disease.
How long the patient expects to recover depends mainly on the characteristics of his body. He is influenced by the method of therapy selected by the doctor, and the time during which the patient uses alcohol intensively. If the treatment in the hospital gave a positive result, the patient's condition is determined as stable, you can continue to be treated at home.
To remove harmful substances from the patient's body, a re-absorption procedure is performed. At the same time, sorbing drugs in liquid form are introduced into the body. They also help medical personnel to keep the balance of electrolytes in the blood under control and maintain its normal composition.
In some cases, treatment options must be selected based on symptoms:
· Saline and glucose intravenously - to relieve intoxication.
· Taking Diazepam - to relieve seizures.
· Haloperidol is prescribed to combat hallucinations.
· During the recovery period, it is necessary to supply the body with vitamins. It is imperative to drink preparations with vitamin B.
· Specialists should closely monitor patients' pulse, blood pressure. When undergoing therapy at home, this is done by the patient or his relatives. It must be understood that after the abolition of alcohol intake, problems with the work of the heart may begin. Drugs may be prescribed to improve the tone of blood vessels and heart muscle.
To reduce the likelihood of complications that may arise during therapy, treatment must be carried out exclusively under strict medical supervision. It is impossible to independently choose medicines for treatment - a remedy selected by a person who is inexperienced in terms of their effect on the body can cause adverse consequences, including irreversible ones.
Many people prefer to shoot a breakdown at home. But this idea is not as good as it might seem. If none of the home remedies have helped, the condition may worsen. The doctor will still have to be called, but the consequences can be more severe.
The environment is also a frequent problem - most of those who are trying to deal with withdrawal symptoms at home start drinking anew and often go into another binge. Each subsequent exit from it is heavier than the previous one. To successfully experience the unpleasant state during recovery, the patient is advised to carefully choose the circle of communication.
If the deterioration of the condition increases, during the day there are no changes for the better, despite the painkillers taken, you should immediately consult a doctor.