Bursitis is called inflammation of the synovial bags, accompanied by the accumulation of inflammatory fluid in the latter. Most often men under the age of 35 suffer from this disease.
The bursa, also called bursa, is located in the area of the joints. Most often, bursitis develops around the elbows, shoulder, or knees. Sometimes the bags located in the area of the hip or ankle joints can also become inflamed.
Symptoms of the disease
The main sign of the development of bursitis is the presence of a rounded swelling with a diameter of 8-10 cm in the area of the joint. Also, the symptoms of this disease include:
- aching, shooting, or throbbing pain in shoulder, elbow, knee, ankle, etc. with a kickback to the limb, worse at night;
- edema caused by the accumulation of fluid in the intercellular space;
- limited limb movement;
- high body temperature (up to 40 C);
- redness of the swelling;
- an increase in the location of the swelling of the lymph nodes.
You should go to the doctor and treat bursitis at the first manifestation of its symptoms. Otherwise, the disease can become chronic. In this case, it will be possible to cure it only by surgical intervention.
Treatment of acute bursitis is carried out in most cases complex. First of all, the doctor prescribes bed rest for the patient. During the first 2-5 days, the diseased joint should be absolutely motionless.
Very often, with bursitis, the doctor even puts a splint on the joint. Sometimes bed rest for a patient with such a problem is prescribed for 10 days (but no more).
From medications for bursitis, the patient is usually prescribed anti-inflammatory tablets, for example, analgesics and ointments. Locally in this case, the most commonly used agents such as "Leovmekol", "Dimexid", "Teraflex".
Also, in most cases, a patient with bursitis is prescribed physiotherapy. This can be, for example, such procedures as ultraviolet irradiation, UVT, electrophoresis, ozokerite applications.
Treatment of bursitis usually lasts about 2 weeks. The maximum patient recovers for 5 weeks. After the beginning of the period of remission, the patient is usually prescribed restorative gymnastics and massage using oils.
Causes and prevention of bursitis
This disease develops most often in tennis players, golfers and skiers. It is also susceptible to people engaged in manual labor - loaders, builders, miners. Sometimes bursitis also develops in obese people.
In some cases, this disease can be triggered by all sorts of allergic reactions or salt deposition in the joints. People suffering from alcoholism, drug addiction, AIDS, the risk of developing bursitis is greatly increased.
The causes of inflammation of the synovial bags can be:
- trauma, bruise or abrasion;
- boil, erysipelas, carbuncle;
- excessive physical activity.
In order to prevent the development of bursitis, athletes and people engaged in hard physical labor, first of all, need to give their joints a rest in a timely manner. Also, measures for the prevention of this disease include the timely treatment of any wounds in the area of the joints.