RMP Blood Test: What Is It, Decoding How To Donate

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RMP Blood Test: What Is It, Decoding How To Donate
RMP Blood Test: What Is It, Decoding How To Donate

Video: RMP Blood Test: What Is It, Decoding How To Donate

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Early diagnosis of diseases contributes to timely therapy and prevention of complications. Instrumental and laboratory research methods are used to identify pathologies at the initial stages. One of these is the RMP blood test, the conduct and correct interpretation of the results of which allows you to determine syphilis.

RMP blood test: what is it, decoding how to donate
RMP blood test: what is it, decoding how to donate

What is it

In medicine, the analysis for bladder cancer is considered the main one in the general list of measures for detecting syphilis, the abbreviation of which stands for "microprecipitation reaction". The patient is taken for the study of venous blood secreted from foci on the mucous membrane, material taken as a result of puncture of the lymph node. Where to get the biomaterial is decided by the attending doctor. The essence of the analysis is to determine antibodies to cardiolipin elements present inside the membranes of bacteria. Antibodies are produced already at an early stage of the disease (several weeks after infection). This makes it possible to diagnose pathology in 80% of cases at the initial stage, in 97% at the secondary stage. The result of the study is a certain reaction of the body to antibodies.

In hematology, the microprecipitation reaction makes it possible to diagnose not only syphilis, but also means that the patient has some other pathologies and clinical conditions that cause a positive analysis for bladder cancer. Therefore, to clarify the diagnosis of syphilis, additional research methods are required: RW (RW) - Wasserman reaction and others.

How to take

It is possible to take the analysis by contacting venereal disease clinics, free of charge with a doctor's referral or for a fee in specialized laboratories (Invitro, Citylab and others). For the study, the patient's venous blood is predominantly taken. According to the doctor's prescription, it is possible to perform a lymph node puncture or analysis of fluid oozing from lesions on the mucous membrane. The results of the study are ready usually in 5-10 days.

Blood must be donated strictly on an empty stomach, it is permissible to drink a small amount of water. The day before the procedure, fatty, salty foods, smoked meats, marinades, and alcohol should be removed from the diet. Limit physical stress before donating blood.

With regular drug therapy, it is necessary to inform the doctor. In case of malaise, feeling unwell, it is better to postpone the study or consult a doctor.

Analysis decoding

Deciphering a study in adults and children includes a positive or negative result. The first option means that the person is infected with an infection. In this case, additional examination methods are required to clarify the diagnosis and determine the stage of syphilis.

However, a false positive test result for syphilis is possible. A positive microreaction can be caused by the presence of certain diseases in a person:

  • diabetes;
  • HIV;
  • infections (chickenpox, measles, malaria and others);
  • chlamydia;
  • rheumatoid arthritis, scleroderma, gout;
  • active phase of tuberculosis, its progression;
  • viral hepatitis;
  • oncological;
  • tumors of the lymph and circulatory system;
  • lupus erythematosus and other autoimmune diseases.

Sometimes the amount of antibodies above normal is observed in elderly people who are not carriers of Treponema pallidum. A false positive result is possible during pregnancy (about 28% of cases).

A negative bladder cancer test indicates that the person is not infected with syphilis. However, the analysis identifies the pathogen only after 4-5 weeks from the moment of contact with the carrier of the infection, therefore, a study conducted before this period may be false-negative. The result "negative" can be at the later stages of the development of pathology.

A positive test result releases the conscript from military service. It is assigned the “temporarily unusable” category. After successful treatment, the patient is declared fit for military service.

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