Diet For Constipation In A Child From 1 To 7 Years Old

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Diet For Constipation In A Child From 1 To 7 Years Old
Diet For Constipation In A Child From 1 To 7 Years Old
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Constipation in children from one to seven years is often associated with the immaturity of the intestinal-alimentary tract, but improperly organized nutrition is also of great importance. Problems of this kind cannot be neglected, since they can cause not only discomfort, psychological problems, but also serious pathologies. A diet for constipation is an important means of normalizing the digestive tract.

Diet for constipation in a child from 1 to 7 years old
Diet for constipation in a child from 1 to 7 years old

When can we say that a child is constipated?

Constipation is a disturbance in the work of the gastrointestinal tract, when the emptying of the large intestine is too rare, difficult, insufficient, and is also accompanied by unpleasant sensations, pain. Pediatricians refer to the following symptoms of constipation:

  • a child aged from one to three years goes to the toilet "in a big way" less than five to six times a week;
  • a child over four years old performs acts of defecation less than three times a week;
  • bowel movements are painful;
  • solid feces;
  • the child feels constant tension in the rectal area;
  • the child's belly is swollen, hard on palpation;
  • the child suffers from flatulence.

Long-term regular constipation can cause in children an increased body temperature of up to 37, 5 ° C, as well as lethargy and apathy. Parents may find blood stains on children's underwear, which indicates cracks in the anus due to hard feces.

Why constipation in a child needs to be treated

Stool retention in a child from one to seven years is not only discomfort and pain during bowel movements. Regular constipation can cause in children:

  • intoxication, since the products of putrefaction remain in the intestines, and toxins begin to be absorbed into the blood;
  • reflux, in which the contents of the stomach are thrown into the esophagus;
  • dysbiosis and a subsequent decrease in the motor activity of the gastrointestinal tract;
  • enlarged intestinal walls, and. as a result, flatulence and pain;
  • acute intestinal obstruction;
  • circulatory disorders;
  • introduction into the intestinal lumen of another part of the gastrointestinal tract (intussusception).

In other words, such a common phenomenon as constipation, especially if it has become chronic, is a reason for the child's parents to seek advice from a pediatrician. Perhaps a specialist will only recommend a balanced diet and medications. In difficult cases, an outpatient examination may be necessary.

We need to try to solve the problem seriously and for a long time, since pain during a bowel movement can cause a child to fear the toilet, which will only exacerbate the problem. As a result, the baby is able to lose control of the bowel movement and get serious psychological problems.

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Why is it important for children to eat right

The digestive system of a child from one to seven years is still at the stage of formation, so sometimes it malfunctions. However, cases where constipation is associated with serious bowel pathologies are rare. Most often, experts call the causes of constipation:

  • lack of fluid in the child's body;
  • improper diet with an excess of starchy foods, fats, proteins and a lack of fiber;
  • low degree of physical activity of the child.

Diet becomes the basis for the treatment of constipation in children from one to seven years old. A healthy diet will help the intestines work properly, replenish the deficiency of nutrients in the child's body and improve the overall well-being of the child. The diet will also help prevent new gastrointestinal problems.

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Children's diet for constipation: the main rules

A special therapeutic diet for a child prone to regular constipation is made taking into account his age, individual food preferences, and possible allergic reactions to food. An experienced pediatrician and nutritionist will be able to help parents develop the right diet for children.

The main principle of special nutrition is the use of food and drink, which will help the peristalsis of the gastrointestinal organs, and not inhibit it. There are simple rules to follow.

  1. The child should drink at least three to five glasses of water, as well as other drinks - non-acidic fruit drink, fermented milk drinks, compote. As a result of a lack of fluid, the feces harden, emptying the colon is difficult.
  2. In the morning on an empty stomach, it is recommended to give the child 0.5 cups of still warm water with 0.5 tablespoon of natural bee honey in small sips. It is also advisable to drink a little clean water before each meal, but it is better not to drink other drinks immediately before meals. Sour juices for constipation should be completely excluded.
  3. With poor peristalsis of the organs of the gastrointestinal tract, children need to be provided with five to six meals a day in small portions, and they always need to eat at the same time.
  4. Children's diet must be varied in order to maintain an optimal balance of vitamins and other nutrients, the running of which is impossible for the normal development of a growing organism. The main helper for constipation is fiber-rich foods. 50% of a child's daily ration is made up of fruits and vegetables. Vegetable salad with such a diet is the first course for both lunch and dinner.

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Products for children prone to constipation

The diet of children from one to seven years old must include:

  • salads (for example, from grated carrots and apples);
  • vinaigrette;
  • boiled fish;
  • boiled lean meat;
  • fresh fruits;
  • vegetable oil;
  • sour milk;
  • dried fruits (especially prunes);
  • cereals.

Pediatricians recommend giving children cereal in a shell for constipation, for example:

  • Hercules;
  • buckwheat;
  • pearl barley;
  • wheat.

As for the bread, it should be coarsely ground, preferably with bran. Pastries and sweet pastries will have to be excluded from the child's diet, at least until the work of his gastrointestinal tract is normalized. Kefir, yogurt, natural yogurt for the second dinner are needed to normalize the intestinal microflora.

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Foods prohibited for constipation

The first rule that should be strictly adhered to when organizing special baby food is no fast food! Foods like crackers and chips are not rich in fiber, important vitamins and minerals, but they are more than enough carcinogens and empty calories. Such foods should be excluded from the diet even after the normalization of the child's gastrointestinal tract.

It is also not recommended to include in the treatment menu:

  • semolina porridge;
  • rice porridge;
  • pasta;
  • garlic;
  • onion;
  • radish;
  • radish;
  • strong tea;
  • cocoa;
  • coffee;
  • jelly;
  • jelly;
  • smoked meats;
  • eggs;
  • whole milk;
  • fatty and spicy foods.
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How to help your child go on a diet

Composing a medical children's menu is half the battle, you still need to convince the child to start eating right. Psychologists advise not to focus on the diet and its goals, but to introduce the necessary foods into the diet gradually. So, you can add pieces of steamed prunes, dried apricots and raisins to sour milk; in porridge and soups - a little bran.

For bowel movements, you should choose the morning time after sleep so that the child develops a certain habit. It is very important to do physical exercises in the morning, which will involve your abdominal muscles.

If physical activity, correct drinking regimen and a special diet do not help the child cope with regular constipation, it is necessary to consult a specialist to exclude serious pathological processes in the organs of the gastrointestinal tract.

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