Diets are not only a way to lose weight; in fact, many diets are designed to support certain bodily functions through a specific dietary option. Yes, diet is a limitation, but it only limits certain foods that are harmful to the sick person's body. Diet 7 or therapeutic diet table number 7 was developed by M.I. Pevzner and is recommended for patients with kidney problems and diseases. There are several variations of this diet, such as 7a and 7b, that help people with skin conditions, such as tuberculosis of the skin or tissue swelling, or during acute nephritis.
1. Principles of diet table number 7
- The purpose of the diet: to reduce the intake of proteins and salt to the kidneys, reduce edema in tissues and much more, by changing the human diet. Those patients who follow this diet gradually remove excess salt, improve their general condition and improve blood circulation. - The menu is compiled individually, solely for the diseases and pathologies of the patient. - How long should you stay on this diet? Some adhere to this diet all their lives, some for a year or two. It all depends on the degree of the disease and the prescription of your dietitian and healthcare professional. - The exact norm of table salt can only be recommended by your doctor. But if we come to the average value per day, then it will be six grams. - The restriction is not only on salt, but also on water, patients with kidney disease do not need to drink a lot of water, one liter per day will be enough for the body. It is also necessary to cut back on proteins and carbohydrates, even complex ones. - Calorie content should not exceed 3 thousand calories per day, and should not fall below 2 thousand calories per day. - Dishes are not salted during cooking. You can salt something only after cooking and only in the amount that the doctor has allowed. Fish and meat are first boiled so that excess salts come out of them, and then cooked.
2. An example of a menu for one day
Your personal menu is drawn up by your doctor. But, of course, it is unrealistic to live on it all the time, you want something new and tasty, so when drawing up the menu, use our recommendations, an example of the menu and, without fail, the recommendations of your attending physician.