Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is characterized by a disorder of the functions of the nervous, cardiovascular and endocrine systems in the second half of the menstrual cycle. The reasons for this phenomenon are not fully established. PMS occurs in about 80% of women. And most often it affects women between the ages of 20 and 45. Experts believe that there are about 150 PMS symptoms that occur in various combinations and occur in completely different degrees.
Signs appear 4-14 days before the onset of menstruation:
- decrease in working capacity;
- depressive conditions;
- weight gain;
- breast swelling;
- swelling of the limbs;
- may be: palpitations, heart pain, suffocation, increase or decrease in blood pressure. When menstruation begins, all symptoms disappear.
The factors that contribute to the occurrence of PMS include stressful situations and neuroinfections, childbirth with complications and early abortions, various types of trauma and surgical interventions.
As a treatment, it is necessary to change the modes of work and rest, and psychotherapy (confidential conversation) is also recommended, a diet in which there are practically no salts and sugar. It is necessary to limit fluid intake, exclude the consumption of milk and animal fats for a while. Eliminate caffeine and alcohol from the diet. Eat as many potassium-containing foods as possible: raisins, dried apricots, cabbage.
Also shown are physical education, massages. Multivitamins and rarely tranquilizers are prescribed; for migraines and headaches, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs can be used. From the 14th day of the cycle, diuretics must be used. Also, this effect can be achieved by natural means, such as fresh cucumbers, parsley leaves, asparagus. It is possible to use homeopathic medicines, if they are ineffective, hormones are rarely taken. Treatment with medicines is carried out for 3 cycles, and then diet remains the main method of dealing with PMS symptoms. You can also take a hot bath and drink warm milk to relieve the condition.
Preventive actions for menstrual irregularities include: balanced nutrition, sleep for at least 8 hours, various methods of relaxation (deep breathing). Limitation of increased physical activity, elimination of neuropsychic stress. Timely identify and treat delayed sexual development, inflammatory and tumor processes in organs. Prevent sexually transmitted infections. Planning a pregnancy, using modern methods of contraception to avoid abortions that cause hormonal imbalances. During this period, it is necessary to stay away from large crowds and consume as much vitamin C as possible. Women during the PMS period get sick more often due to weakened immunity. Walking in the park, cycling on flat terrain at low speed are recommended.