Symptoms And Treatment Of Gingivitis In Adults

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Symptoms And Treatment Of Gingivitis In Adults
Symptoms And Treatment Of Gingivitis In Adults

Video: Symptoms And Treatment Of Gingivitis In Adults

Video: Gingivitis and periodontitis - causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology 2022, December
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Gingivitis is the first disease in the list of periodontal tissue diseases. By itself, the term "gingivitis" means inflammation of the gums that are in direct contact with the tooth. With the right treatment, this is a completely reversible process.

Symptoms and treatment of gingivitis in adults
Symptoms and treatment of gingivitis in adults

Causes and symptoms of gingivitis in adults

The first thing to pay attention to is the appearance of gingivitis symptoms: bleeding gums when brushing or flossing teeth, sensitivity, inflammation and pain in the gums, a metallic taste in the mouth, plaque on the tongue, and bad breath.

Gingivitis requires treatment so that it does not develop into a more serious condition - periodontitis. The main reason for the development of gingivitis is the accumulation of plaque and periodontal pathogenic microorganisms. There are more than 530 types of microorganisms in the oral cavity. When oral hygiene is violated, the number of these bacteria increases, which leads to inflammation of the gums. Other reasons for the appearance of gingivitis in adults can be: hormonal disorders, taking certain medications, general somatic diseases, as well as acute respiratory diseases.

Types of gingivitis and their treatment

Treatment for gingivitis depends on the type of the disease and its course.

Catarrhal gingivitis is the most common. Here, the treatment consists in removing plaque, rinsing the mouth with furacilin or chlorhexidine and prescribing special dental gels (holisal, metrogil denta).

In the treatment of ulcerative gingivitis - the treatment of ulcers and the removal of necrotic areas of the epithelium and dental deposits, as well as the use of special ointments and gels. With necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis, drug treatment is prescribed, namely, taking antibiotics against the background of an increase in temperature, general intoxication of the body and pain.

For hypertrophic gingivitis - removal of tartar, antiseptic treatment, sclerotherapy, the use of ointments, physiotherapy. With advanced hypertrophic gingivitis, they resort to surgery, vitamin therapy and consultation of an endocrinologist.

Treatment of atrophic gingivitis is the most difficult and time-consuming, since this is the last stage before moving on to the next serious disease - periodontitis. Combined treatment is prescribed here: removal of dental plaque, application of medical solutions to the gums, anti-inflammatory ointments, rinsing, physiotherapy and immunostimulating therapy.

In pharmacies, you can buy ready-made rinsing solutions for gingivitis. This is a periodontal disease, rotocan. They are diluted in a glass of water and used to rinse the mouth after meals.

Also, with gingivitis, you should adhere to a certain diet in the diet, namely, to reduce the consumption of carbohydrate foods, since it serves as the reason for the growth of pathogenic microorganisms in the oral cavity. It is necessary to refuse to take very hot or very cold, sour and spicy foods.

Folk remedies for the treatment of gingivitis

Traditional medicine will serve as an adjunct to the main treatment. Rinsing with natural antiseptics (celandine extract, aloe, eucalyptus, oak bark) has proven itself well. You can apply a rinse with the propolis setting: 1 teaspoon to 1/3 cup of water, it should be used 5 times a day after meals. Massaging essential oils (fir, tea tree, eucalyptus) into the gums is also effective. In the treatment of gingivitis, lotions of cotton swabs with sea buckthorn oil are useful for 1 hour before bedtime.

Prevention of gingivitis in adults

For the prevention of gingivitis, it is recommended to visit the dentist 2 times a year, to sanitize the oral cavity, and remove tartar. To reduce the possibility of getting gingivitis, limit yourself in bad habits - smoking and drinking alcohol.To clean your teeth, use anti-inflammatory toothpastes with herbal extracts (parodontax, radont, forest balm, lacalute active).

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