Moles, papillomas, warts - all these are neoplasms on the skin. Which ones pose a threat? And when should you immediately contact a specialist?
A mole, or nevus, is a benign flat or slightly convex pigmented mark on the body. Scientists still do not know exactly why moles are formed. Least of all of them in newborns. They form throughout life, up to about 25 years of age. If the birthmark is not damaged, it will not bring any concern and can even decorate the human body by settling in a suitable place.
Yet moles require our attention. Especially if they are located on areas of the body where they are often touched by clothes. If you have raised moles on your back, ask someone close to you to check them periodically.
If a mole has changed from flat to convex, if it has increased in size, changed color or shape, this is a reason to immediately consult a specialist.
It was noticed that close relatives often develop similar moles in the same places. This suggests that the occurrence of moles has hereditary mechanisms.
Warts are the most harmless type of papillomas. But they also look very unaesthetic. Warts differ from a mole in color (warts are colorless, yellowish or pinkish). In addition, the warts are dense and rough to the touch. It is believed that you can remove the wart yourself. It is not difficult to buy a special composition at the pharmacy to combat these unpleasant growths. But remember that every wart is a papilloma. If it is large and deep, there is a chance that you will not be able to remove all of it, and the rest is at risk of developing cancer. Therefore, the consultation of a specialist in such a seemingly simple matter is extremely necessary!
The reason for the appearance of papillomas on the body is known for sure. These neoplasms are caused by a virus. In recent years, it was discovered that there are more than 100 varieties of this virus in the world. Most often, papillomas differ from moles. They protrude above the skin, connecting to the body with a thin "leg". Today, almost 60% of humanity is infected with the human papillomavirus.
The papillomavirus is transmitted by contact. But recently, scientists have identified such species that can be transmitted through clothing, underwear or household appliances.
Most often, this disease passes from mother to children, with contact of the skin, as well as with kissing and sexual contact. The incubation period can last from 2 to 4 months.
Papillomas are most often pink in color, soft to the touch. Each papilloma consists of mutated skin cells or mucous membranes. Penetrating into the cell, the virus changes its DNA, forcing the cells to divide more actively. This is how these unpleasant growths appear on the skin.
The danger of papilloma - a virus primarily lies in the fact that it is capable of causing cancer.
Therefore, for the treatment of papillomas, it is imperative to consult a doctor. Only he can accurately diagnose the disease and choose the right treatment.