Concussion refers to traumatic brain injury. A person can get such an injury when falling at home, at work, while playing sports, in road accidents. As a result, functional disorders occur in the activity of the brain.
It's important to know? what symptoms are manifested in order to see a doctor in time. The main signs are: loss of consciousness, episodic memory loss, nausea, dizziness, vomiting, headache. There may be a lack of coordination.
With mild to moderate severity, loss of consciousness does not occur. The rest of the symptoms can be present in different versions, and the duration of their manifestation is different. If the injury is accompanied by a short-term or long-term loss of consciousness, then the concussion is severe, regardless of the duration of the remaining symptoms.
Concussions are usually easily diagnosed by neurologists. It is enough to examine and interview the patient. But in order to exclude the presence of a more severe pathology, special additional examinations are often prescribed.
Radiography is most often done. It helps to identify the presence of cracks or fractures of the cranial bones, possible displacement of the cervical vertebrae. However, the radiograph cannot be used to judge the state of the brain and the degree of its functional disorders.
In order to detect abnormalities in the functions of the cerebral cortex, electroencephalography is performed. This study makes it possible to determine the pathological areas in which there has been a change in the activity of nerve cells.
In some cases, computed tomography is prescribed. This allows you to identify any damage not only to the bones of the skull, but also to the structure of the medulla.
Regardless of the severity, it is necessary to carry out observation and treatment in a hospital. Within 5 days, strict adherence to bed rest is prescribed. Drug therapy is carried out with drugs of the nootropic group together with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. The action of these drugs is aimed at relieving symptoms and normalizing brain functions. Depending on the clinical picture of the disease and the presence of complications, diuretics and diuretics may additionally be prescribed.
Immediately after the injury, only symptomatic treatment is carried out. For headaches, analgesics are taken, antiemetics are used to relieve nausea, and sedatives are prescribed for insomnia. Treatment aimed at normalizing brain function is prescribed later. It should take 5-7 days after the injury occurred. It is carried out with drugs to improve cerebral circulation, restore impaired functions, and prevent complications.
Inpatient treatment lasts about a week. Recovery therapy should be continued for a month after discharge from the hospital. It will be useful to carry out vitamin therapy and take tonics, for example, lemongrass, eleutherococcus, ginseng.
Do not disregard cases of head bruises in order to avoid unwanted complications in the future. Only a specialist can clarify the diagnosis and prescribe treatment appropriate to the severity of the injury.