The lung tissue is devoid of nerve endings, so most often discomfort in the chest, including pain, burning, tingling and itching, is associated with a pathological process that has affected the pleura, bronchi or trachea. A common complaint of patients about itching in the lungs is usually associated with damage to the bronchi, less often itching is taken as a burning sensation that occurs with some lung diseases, and sometimes with heartburn or reflux esophagitis.
Causes of itching in the lungs
The feeling of itching in the lungs may be accompanied by a cough (dry or wet), wheezing when breathing. If the cough is wet, after coughing up phlegm, the itching usually subsides; with a dry cough, itching can be almost constant. All these are symptoms of bronchitis - inflammation of the mucous membrane covering the surface of the bronchi. In addition to coughing, fever, weakness, and difficulty breathing may also occur.
Itching in the lungs can also be caused by irritation of the respiratory tract with dust, tobacco smoke, and chemicals.
Often smokers who have decided to give up the bad habit complain of discomfort - "as if the lungs are itching" - and a strong cough. This is due to the restoration of the cough reflex and the normalization of the secretion of the bronchial mucosa. With prolonged smoking, nicotine suppresses the cough reflex, otherwise each puff would be accompanied by a painful cough. When poisonous smoke ceases to regularly irritate the bronchi, the cough reflex is no longer suppressed, the process of cleansing the airways from accumulated tar is started. The unpleasant sensations are also aggravated by withdrawal symptoms caused by smoking cessation, but usually disappear within a week or two.
What to do if you feel itchy lungs?
If the sensation of itching in the lungs is accompanied by a cough, high fever, it will be necessary to see a doctor for an accurate diagnosis and treatment. You may need to undergo fluorography or an x-ray of the lungs to rule out pneumonia and other serious illnesses. Self-treatment of cough is not allowed. Prescribing antitussives or expectorants to yourself without a doctor's recommendation, you run the risk of causing acute bronchitis to develop into chronic or the development of pneumonia.
To relieve the condition before visiting a doctor, special measures can be taken to thin the phlegm that has accumulated in the lungs. First of all, it is necessary to moisten the inhaled air and eliminate the factors that cause irritation of the mucous membranes of the respiratory tract. Get a humidifier, and if this is not possible, ventilate the room you are in, do wet cleaning, and hang wet towels around the room. Inhalation with saline, breathing exercises will help, but it is better to postpone intensive training - physical activity can cause an increase in coughing and a deterioration in the general condition.
Try to increase the amount of fluid you drink, and limit your time in dusty rooms and outdoors. Smoking should be stopped until complete recovery.