Breastfeeding women should avoid taking any medications in every possible way, as chemicals can negatively affect the body of a nursing baby. However, situations may arise when it is impossible to do without painkillers (for example, exacerbation of chronic diseases, postpartum complications). In this case, certain recommendations must be taken into account.
What painkillers are allowed to take during lactation
There is a small list of pain relievers that are allowed during breastfeeding. This group includes non-narcotic and narcotic analgesics. Narcotic analgesics (Tramal, Naloxone, Promedol) in small quantities pass into breast milk and can lead to unwanted reactions. Let's admit a one-time reception of such funds. Non-narcotic analgesics ("Baralgin", "Analgin", "Kaffetin", "Lidocaine", "Ultracaine" and "Paracetamol") are also recommended to be used once. With prolonged use, they have a toxic effect on the kidneys, blood, liver, and the central nervous system.
In case of urgent need, you can take non-steroidal drugs ("Ketoprofen", "Ibuprofen" and "Naproxen"), which have anesthetic and anti-inflammatory effect.
To relieve pain in muscle tissues, you can use anesthetic ointments "Diclofenac", "Chondroxide", "Voltaren". Since they are applied topically, the likelihood of active substances entering breast milk is minimized. The most harmful to the child are antipyretic "Aspirin", "Citramon", painkillers "Tempalgin" and "Sedalgin". They have a negative effect on the kidneys, liver, blood and can provoke a strong allergic reaction. Your doctor will help you choose the right pain reliever.
How to take pain relievers correctly
When choosing an anesthetic drug during lactation, be sure to assess its toxicity and possible adverse effects on the infant's body. It is advisable to give preference to those drugs that are hardest to penetrate into milk. Most of them still pass into breast milk, so take them with extreme caution: do not exceed the dose and only according to indications.
Monitor the baby's condition constantly. If an approved drug has a negative effect on an infant, it is contraindicated to take it.
When combining the intake of painkillers and breastfeeding, the medicine should be drunk so that the feeding time does not coincide with the time of its highest concentration in the blood. The baby can be fed three to four hours after taking the pill. With a high risk of negative effects on the child's body, it is recommended to suspend breastfeeding for a while. Continue to actively express milk to maintain lactation. At the end of the drug intake, breastfeeding resumes as usual.