As a rule, pain syndrome signals a health problem. However, most people are in no hurry to see a doctor about this, but prefer to solve the problem on their own by taking sufficiently strong pain medications. Analgesics help relieve pain in a person, as well as alleviate his condition.
According to their pharmacological properties, analgesics are divided into two categories: narcotic and non-narcotic drugs. Narcotic pain relievers relieve a person from severe paroxysmal pain. Popular drugs in this group are fentanyl, methadone, omnopon, morphine, promedol. These drugs have a rather strong analgesic effect, therefore, they are mainly used for serious injuries, as well as for diseases and injuries that are characterized by unbearable painful sensations. It should be remembered, however, that narcotic pain relievers have a profound effect on the nervous system. Thus, long-term use of these medicines causes euphoria in a sick person, which develops into mental and physical dependence. Ultimately, hallucinations may even occur.
Non-narcotic analgesics are synthetic drugs found in every home. As a rule, they differ in chemical composition and are characterized by less analgesic activity compared to narcotic drugs. The most famous medicines in this group include: paracetamol, aspirin, amidopyrine, analgin. The use of such drugs is recommended for inflammatory processes in various organs and tissues. For example, arthritis, toothache, neuritis causing pain syndrome.
Also, there are pain relievers called antispasmodics that relieve spasms in the internal organs. These include papaverine, atropine, no-shpa. Painful attacks in heart disease are alleviated by medications such as validol, nitroglycerin, which improve blood supply to the heart. For pain in the gastrointestinal tract, carminative medicinal analgesics help eliminate gas formation.
Common and very powerful pain medications
These drugs are: nurofen, ketoprofen, diclofenac, ibuprofen, ketonal. This list of drugs is used for osteoporosis, oncology, after surgery and tooth extraction, for fractures, bruises and dislocations, osteochondrosis, for abdominal pain. Also, they help relieve pain in sprains, gout, sciatica, arthritis, spondylitis and osteoarthritis. Drugs such as ibuprofen and nurofen are great for children as an antipyretic and pain reliever.
Self-medication - harm
There are some warning signs, in the presence of which the use of analgesics is prohibited. Otherwise, their use can blur the picture of the disease and lead to erroneous treatment. Very severe and sharp abdominal pain can occur due to appendicitis, hemorrhage in the abdominal cavity due to ectopic pregnancy in women, as well as with intestinal obstruction. With such painful attacks, you should immediately call an ambulance. A rather dangerous symptom is a combination of headache with loss of consciousness and gag reflexes, since the cause of this condition can be the occurrence of such serious diseases as stroke or encephalitis. Therefore, in this case, it is undesirable to drink painkillers without consulting a specialist.