A high temperature is a kind of signal indicating the presence of an infection in the body. However, in children, fever above 38 ° C can lead to serious complications such as febrile seizures. You can bring down the temperature with the help of antipyretic drugs, but it is worth remembering that not all of them are approved for use in pediatrics.
When to bring down the temperature
An increase in body temperature is a defense reaction of the body in response to the invasion of viruses and disease-causing bacteria. Also, fever can occur due to other pathological processes and even ordinary stress. At high temperatures, the rate of reproduction of microbes slows down, there is an increased production of interferon, which is necessary for the normal functioning of the immune system.
However, too much heat for a long time can cause harm, and the fragile child's body suffers most in such a situation. The easiest way is to normalize the well-being of the child with the help of antipyretic drugs. They should be taken at temperatures above 38 ° C, but there are a number of cases when the baby needs to be given medicine without waiting for such high thermometer readings. Temperatures above 37.5 ° C need to be brought down:
- newborn children;
- a baby with a history of febrile seizures;
- a baby registered with a neurologist;
- a child suffering from cardiovascular diseases;
- a child who does not tolerate heat well (suffers from body aches, headache, muscle pain and any other pain).
First choice drugs
The drugs of first choice in children include paracetamol-based drugs (Efferalgan, Panadol, Tsefekon). Subject to the dosage, they are usually well tolerated and do not give complications even in babies up to one year old. You can choose a convenient form of drug release: syrup, tablets or suppositories.
If necessary, the mother herself can use drugs based on paracetamol. They are approved for use during pregnancy (with the exception of the first trimester) and during lactation.
Ibuprofen is a good alternative to paracetamol. The most common drug based on it is Nurofen. It knocks down the temperature for 6-8 hours and, if used correctly, is also well tolerated by the child's body.
Despite the fact that paracetamol and ibuprofen-based products are recognized as effective and safe for children, the baby should be shown to a doctor before using them. He will prescribe the desired drug and accurately calculate the dosage.
Alternative remedies to lower the temperature
If the baby's temperature does not go astray with medications from the listed list, it makes sense to call an ambulance. Most often, visiting doctors fight fever in a child by injecting a so-called lytic mixture. However, it can be used only as a last resort, since it contains analgin, which can cause serious complications in young children.
In addition to analgin, aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid) is also undesirable for taking in children.
For children who have reached the age of 12, as an alternative to paracetamol, ibuprofen and a lytic mixture, you can use nimesulide-based products (Nise, Nimulid, etc.). However, these drugs are not always well tolerated, even by adults, so before using them, you need to consult a doctor and weigh the pros and cons.