Finoptin: Instructions For Use, Composition, Reviews, Analogues

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Finoptin: Instructions For Use, Composition, Reviews, Analogues
Finoptin: Instructions For Use, Composition, Reviews, Analogues
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Finoptin is a drug that helps to lower blood pressure, improve heart rate, and increase blood flow to myocardial cells. It is far from compatible with all drugs, therefore, before starting treatment, you should carefully study the instructions.

"Finoptin": instructions for use, composition, reviews, analogues
"Finoptin": instructions for use, composition, reviews, analogues

Composition and form

Finoptin is manufactured by a pharmaceutical company in Finland. The drug is produced in the form of tablets, capsules, pills and a solution for injection therapy. The drug is based on verapamil hydrochloride.

Pharmacology

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Finoptin is a first class selective calcium channel blocker. It has antianginal, hypotensive and antiarrhythmic properties. The active substance promotes vasodilatation, reduces peripheral vascular resistance, lengthens the refractory period of the atrioventricular node, hardens the heart rate and reduces myocardial contractility, thereby reducing the oxygen demand of the heart muscle. The remedy has a suppressive effect of the sinus node, reduces the tone of the heart muscle.

With increased pressure, verapamil hydrochloride stabilizes the indicators, providing a hypotensive effect. It should be noted that in this case, the heart rate remains normal, or changes insignificantly.

Since the drug blocks vasoconstriction, it can be used for vascular headaches. It is noticed that verapamil hydrochloride does not allow vessels to not only narrow, but also to expand excessively.

Pharmacokinetics

Tablets "Finoptin" when entering the gastrointestinal tract are almost completely absorbed into the systemic circulation. Bioavailability is only 10-22%. The connection with proteins is quite high. The maximum level of substances in the blood is observed 2 hours after taking the pill, but the concentration of verapamil also decreases rapidly. "Finoptin" is metabolized in the liver, excreted through the kidneys and to a small extent through the intestines.

When administered intravenously, the action of the drug begins after 1-5 minutes. The maximum concentration of substances in the blood is observed after 5 minutes and lasts for 2 hours. The body does not get used to it.

Indications

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"Finoptin" is prescribed as a therapeutic and prophylactic agent for chronic stable and unstable angina pectoris. The drug proved to be excellent for vasospastic angina pectoris.

Verapamil hydrochloride stabilizes cardiac arrhythmias. It is also prescribed for tachycardia, supraventricular extrasystole, atrial flutter and atrial fibrillation.

Since the drug has a beneficial effect on blood vessels, it is actively used for arterial hypertension and during a hypertensive crisis. Cardiologists include it in the treatment of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.

Contraindications

You can not take "Finoptin" if you are allergic to its components.

It should be abandoned by patients with severe left ventricular dysfunction, bradycardia, low blood pressure.

The drug can aggravate the patient's condition in cardiogenic shock, heart failure with a reduced ejection fraction, acute myocardial infarction.

Cardiologists exclude a drug from the treatment plan when diagnosing a patient with sinoauricular or atrioventricular blockade.

Do not use verapamil hydrochloride if there is a syndrome of weakness of the sinus angle, aortic stenosis.

An absolute contraindication is the presence of the following syndromes in the patient:

  • Wolf-Parkinson-White;
  • Launa Ganonga Levin
  • Morgagni-Adams-Stokes.

When taking the drug, it should be remembered that the active ingredient is not compatible with all means. In no case should you combine verapamil hydrochloride with colchicine, beta-blockers, amiodarone, clonidine, sertindole.

When breastfeeding and pregnancy, the drug is unacceptable. The same goes for children under the age of 18.

Since the drug "Finoptin" contains lactose, people with intolerance to this group of disaccharides and fructose should refuse it.

Mode of application

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Finoptin tablets are drunk during meals or immediately after a meal, washed down with clean water. The dosage and duration of treatment is determined by the doctor, assessing the patient's condition and the severity of his illness. The daily dose of an adult should not exceed 480 mg.

With angina pectoris and arterial hypertension, treatment begins with 40-80 mg 3-4 times a day. The dose is increased weekly, if necessary, until the desired result is achieved. Most often, the maintenance dose is set in the range of 240-480 mg of verapamil hydrochloride. It should be noted that the daily dose is divided into 2-3 doses.

With arrhythmias, therapy begins with 240-480 mg of the drug per day. During treatment, ECG indicators are constantly monitored.

When prescribing a dose to the elderly, at the initial stage, a minimum amount of the drug is administered, since this category of people is more sensitive to the action of the active component. In liver failure, the dosage is also reduced to 1/3 of the standard dose.

Side effects

Verapamil can cause unwanted reactions in the body. Patients may notice problems in the work of the cardiovascular system, for example, tachycardia, angina pectoris, arrhythmias, bradycardia, excessive pressure reduction, asystole, sudden flushes of blood to the skin of the face.

When taking the tablet form, nausea, problems with stools, vomiting, impaired appetite, dry mouth may appear.

Side effects can also occur from the central nervous system. Most often, patients complain of dizziness, headache, lightheadedness, anxiety, decreased concentration, fatigue, sleepiness, depression, tremor.

Against the background of therapy with Finoptin, muscle weakness, muscle pain, allergies, and weight gain may appear. Gynecomastia in men, increased prolactin, problems in intimate life, visual and hearing impairments, frequent urination, pulmonary edema, arthritis, edema, chest pain are extremely rare.

If undesirable reactions of the body appear, you should contact your doctor to decide on the further use of the drug.

Analogues and price

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The cost of the drug "Finoptin" is about 180 rubles for 30 tablets with a dosage of 40 mg. Since it is extremely rare on sale, it is replaced with analogues. More affordable is the medication "Verapamil", the cost of which is 40-50 rubles for 50 tablets with a dosage of 40 mg. Also on sale you can see the Greek medicine "Isoptin", which costs about 450 rubles for 30 tablets with a dosage of 240 mg.

"Lekoptin" and "Veratard" also contain verapamil hydrochloride, so they can be used instead of the drug "Finoptin". Both "Tarka" and "Verogalid" are full analogs.

When buying a product, despite the identical active ingredient, you should pay special attention to the instructions, since the excipients may be different, which means that side effects and contraindications will vary.

Reviews

Judging by the reviews, "Finoptin" is an effective drug. It perfectly normalizes the heartbeat, helps to reduce the load on the heart, and brings pressure back to normal. But he often appears in the pharmacy, but you can find its full counterparts on sale at a lower price.

A cardiologist prescribed Finoptin tablets to one man for a heart palpitations. He needed to take them 1 tablet after meals 2 times a day. Within a few days after taking it, the man felt much better - his heart stopped beating furiously. After the course of treatment, the doctor recommended that the man continue to drink the drug, but at a lower dosage to maintain the heart muscle.

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