The sense of smell is a distant analyzer that gives us a lot of information about the world around us. A good sense of smell is especially important for people for whom this source of information becomes the leading one. We are talking about the blind and deaf.
The olfactory sphere in a child is one of the last to develop. The baby practically does not smell and reaches for the mother's nipple instinctively, feeling its warmth. It is argued that the posture that the baby takes when feeding plays an equally important role. All this has a very indirect relation to the sense of smell. Only by the age of 4 does the child begin to differentiate odors, distinguish between pleasant and unpleasant odors, etc. With age, the sense of smell improves, although until the end of life it remains rather weak in humans, unlike, for example, some animals. In everyday life, a person does not use his sense of smell very actively. Other sources of information give the most complete picture of what is happening. However, there are people for whom the olfactory analyzer remains the only distant way to obtain information. These are people deprived of both sight and hearing. There are unique cases, described both in fiction and in scientific literature, when, with complete blindness and deafness, a person freely navigated only by smells and vibrations around. In such people, the sense of smell, of course, is more trained, although psychologists say that sophistication does not occur.
Often, a person notices that he has become worse to perceive smells, far from immediately. The reasons for a decrease in the sense of smell can be both mechanical (a fracture or crack of the nasal septum) and chemical: a burn of the mucous membrane of the paranasal sinuses, work with harmful substances that emit a pungent, unpleasant odor. In addition, a decrease in olfactory capabilities is observed after certain diseases: sinusitis, eutmoiditis, inflammation of the middle ear, etc.
What to do: If we are talking about a burn of the mucous membrane, then it is treated quite successfully with a mixture of olive and corn oil. 2 times a day it is necessary to insert cotton filaments, abundantly moistened with this solution, into the nose. Sometimes you can find honey as a recommended remedy. It is impossible to apply honey to erosive mucous membranes.
If a decrease in the sense of smell is associated with a previous illness, then aromatherapy is considered effective. For training, it is best to take smells that are sharp and easily recognizable: lemon, garlic, coffee, pepper, ammonia. These odors need to irritate the olfactory channels, bringing the source to the nose at a distance of 15 cm. In the early days, nothing may work, but over time, the brain will begin to receive a signal from the receptors and process it. Unless, of course, the olfactory nerves are interrupted.
Rinsing the nose with salt water. A good prophylactic agent for various viral epidemics. In addition, it helps to improve blood circulation in the vessels.