Chickenpox or, as it is called in the common people, chickenpox is an infectious disease that affects more than 90 percent of people. In order not to miss the first symptoms of the disease and start treatment on time, it is necessary to understand how chickenpox is ill.
What is chickenpox
Chickenpox is caused by the varicella zoster virus from the Herpesviridae family. This virus can also cause shingles in a person. Chickenpox is characterized by fever and a rash in the form of papules, more common in childhood.
What does chickenpox look like?
In most cases, people with chickenpox, a couple of days before the onset of the rash, feel unwell, headaches, weakness, dizziness, and loss of appetite. At this time, it is also possible that the body temperature rises to 37 degrees and higher.
The primary signs and symptoms of chickenpox may be completely absent or go unnoticed. Most often, the disease reveals itself after the onset of the rash.
Approximately 10-20 days after infection, red spots of 1 to 5 mm in diameter appear on the skin, within a few hours they swell, filling with a clear liquid (lymph, the virus is excreted from the body with the bark), which then becomes cloudy. The bubbles break through, shrink and dry out, turning into sores.
Rash with chickenpox lasts 3-7 days. New pimples cease to appear along with the stabilization of body temperature.
Thus, the answer to the question of what chickenpox looks like is as follows: on the human body there is a rash of a different nature, from pink spots to bubbles and dried crusts. In this case, most of the rashes are found in the scalp and on the face.
How many days is chickenpox contagious
The incubation period for chickenpox lasts from 10 to 21 days. The patient becomes contagious one day before the onset of the rash and until the fifth day after the cessation of new rashes. Therefore, a person who has been in contact with chickenpox is usually quarantined for 21 days. thus, chickenpox is contagious for about 5-10 days.
Is it possible to get chickenpox a second time
It is believed that chickenpox cannot be re-ill. However, in the practice of doctors, there are more and more cases when chickenpox is transferred a second time. This is due to the fact that the disease was transferred earlier in childhood in a mild form, as well as with a mutation of the herpes virus, which causes chickenpox.
However, most often with re-infection with chickenpox, another disease occurs - shingles.
So, it is still possible to get chickenpox a second time, but as a rule, people with good immunity do not bother with this disease again.
How many days does the temperature last with chickenpox
The temperature with chickenpox can rise slightly (usually not higher than 37-37, 5 degrees) and keep for two to three days. With a severe course of the disease, it rises to 39-40 degrees and accompanies the patient a couple of days before the appearance of rashes and about 5-7 days during the appearance of pimples. It can be concluded that the temperature with chickenpox lasts from 3 days to a week.
Is chickenpox transmitted through third parties
The varicella-zoster virus is transmitted by airborne droplets. It is very volatile, but it is not very stable in the external environment, it dies under the influence of ultraviolet radiation and high temperatures.
Up to one hundred percent of people in contact with a patient with chickenpox fall ill. Infection is possible even without the absence of direct contact - the virus can be picked up at the entrance, through ventilation, etc.
A prophylactic agent against chickenpox is airing the premises and wet cleaning.
However, chickenpox is not spread through third parties. Thus, infection can occur only directly from the carrier of the virus, and not from a person who came into contact with a sick person.
Chickenpox in children under one year old
As a rule, children under one year old get sick with chickenpox much easier than at an older age. But there are more cases of complications in babies than in older children.
It is believed that about half of babies up to six months who are breastfed (if the mother has had chickenpox) temporarily gain immunity to the disease. However, even breast milk does not guarantee that the baby will not get chickenpox.
How to treat chickenpox in children
So far, there are no drugs that can combat the chickenpox virus. Therefore, the treatment is symptomatic.
Bubbles of the rash are lubricated with drying agents (brilliant green, fucarcinum, yellow rivanol), and the temperature is brought down with paracetamol or ibuprofen. To relieve itching, antihistamines are used: fenistil drops, suprastin, diazolin.
In no case should aspirin be used with chickenpox, its use can lead to impaired renal function.
How to treat chickenpox in adults
Chickenpox in adults tends to be more severe, but treatment is not much different. Most often, the antiviral drug acyclovir and immunomodulators such as viferon, anaferon are added to the listed funds.
How to smear chickenpox other than brilliant green
The question of whether it is necessary to smear rashes with chickenpox with brilliant green is considered controversial. A solution of brilliant green is not used at all in most foreign countries.
According to Dr. Komarovsky, brilliant green is needed only as a marker to track the appearance of new rashes in a patient with chickenpox.
In addition to brilliant green, you can smear chickenpox with fukortsin, yellow rivanol. Calamine lotion is also actively advertised on the Internet (transparent, relieves itching), but it is quite expensive and it is often difficult to find it in pharmacies. Its analogue is the so-called chatterbox - Tsindol.
Is it possible to swim with chickenpox
On this issue, as well as on whether it is necessary to smear chickenpox with brilliant green, the opinions of experts also differ. Most domestic doctors prohibit washing with chickenpox until all smallpox bubbles are completely dry. However, in most European countries, not only is it not forbidden to swim with chickenpox, but it is also recommended to do this to relieve itching. Dr. Komarovsky also claims that you can and should take a bath, while you can add a little potassium permanganate or a series of grass to the water. You need to swim for a short time, without the use of detergents and washcloths, you can take a shower. An exception to washing during chickenpox is high temperatures.
Is it possible to walk with chickenpox
In domestic medicine, it is believed that with chickenpox it is necessary to observe bed rest and observe quarantine for 21 days. European doctors believe that with a mild course of chickenpox, the patient can lead a normal life, including walking with chickenpox. However, you should avoid crowded places so as not to endanger others.
How to remove chickenpox scars
After chickenpox, unpleasant scars can remain on the body and face for a long time. Deep dimples appear due to peeling off sores, therefore, it is not recommended to pierce the bubbles and comb dried out rashes. Chickenpox spots on the skin will go away on their own within a few months, but this process can be accelerated.
To remove chickenpox scars, you can use Contractubex cream. The use of vitamin E masks (the capsules are burst and rubbed into the skin in sufficient quantities, washed off after half an hour), egg white (applied for half an hour, washed off after drying) also help to speed up the process of skin regeneration.
In Russia, vaccination against chickenpox is not carried out, however, if you wish, you can get vaccinated against chickenpox by ordering the vaccine yourself.Such an injection does not give one hundred percent guarantee of protection against the disease, however, according to doctors, after vaccination, chickenpox is transferred in a mild form.
Children at risk of developing complications should be vaccinated against chickenpox, as well as women planning a pregnancy who did not have a disease in childhood.