Hydrogen peroxide is an antiseptic for external use. The tool is indispensable for the treatment of deep wounds with blood clots, suppurations, areas of dead tissue.
Hydrogen peroxide is used as an antiseptic for inflammatory lesions of the mucous membranes, purulent wounds, nosebleeds, capillary bleeding from superficial wounds, for stomatitis, tonsillitis, tonsillitis, gynecological diseases. The drug is dispensed in pharmacies without a doctor's prescription. Use for external use a 1-3% solution of hydrogen peroxide to rinse the throat and mouth, apply to the mucous membranes, use a 0.25% solution. To obtain a 0.25% solution, dilute the drug with water in a ratio of 1 to 11.
Soak a cotton or gauze swab in the solution and treat the damaged areas of the mucous membrane or skin. Hold the tampons with tweezers. Possibly jet irrigation of the wound. When using the drug, avoid contact with eyes. Treating a wound with hydrogen peroxide cannot guarantee that there is no risk of contracting tetanus and other wound infections. Do not apply "Hydrogen peroxide" under occlusive dressings, which provide hermetic isolation of damaged areas of the body from contact with water and air. Do not use the preparation for irrigation of cavities.
Hydrogen peroxide is contraindicated for the treatment of deep open wounds and cavities, since the release of gas can cause embolism (gas bubbles entering the bloodstream). The negative effect of the drug when used in pregnant and lactating women has not been confirmed by the results of medical studies, therefore it is approved for use in these groups of patients. Hydrogen peroxide can cause a local allergic reaction or burning sensation at the application site. When processing the tongue, redness and swelling of its papillae may appear.
In case of an overdose, the following symptoms appear: irritation of the upper respiratory tract (laryngo-, bronchospasm, burns), in case of accidental ingestion - irritation of the gastrointestinal tract mucous membranes, hemoglobinuria, hemolysis, the lethal dose is about 3 g. As symptomatic therapy, gastric lavage is prescribed 0.5% solution of sodium bicarbonate ", sodium thiosulfate, intravenous administration of 30% sodium thiosulfate - up to 300 ml. Hydrogen peroxide is unstable in the light and in heat, in an alkaline medium, in the presence of complex radicals of some oxidants, metal alkalis. Store the drug in a dark place, out of the reach of children, at a temperature not exceeding 25 ° C. The shelf life of the product is 2 years.