Recently, in our country and abroad, the number of cases of rabies, the culprits of which are wild animals, has again increased. Both an animal and a person can get sick with this disease, since it belongs to a number of zooanthroponous ones.
First of all, new efforts of scientists and practitioners are needed to combat this disease. Using the discoveries of science, in particular the possibility of obtaining a virus by repeated re-infection of experimental animals for the preparation of a vaccine, comparatively accurate methods of making a diagnosis (characteristically staining tiny formations - Negri-Babesha - are found in the brain slices of a sick animal), the veterinary service has developed and persistently implements a system of measures to combat rabies.
This system, in general, is simple, but for its success, a firm order in the registration and maintenance of cats and dogs in settlements, and a conscious attitude of the population are necessary. In each city, mainly among the population, there are 100-120 thousand and more dogs. All of them, whoever they belong to, must be vaccinated against rabies. Veterinary workers, with the strong support of the authorities, were called upon to establish rigorous scrutiny of these activities.
The biggest evil is stray and stray dogs and cats. They must be caught. But this is already a matter for the public utilities. Over time, it became clear that natural foci of rabies are mainly associated with the habitats of foxes, wolves, jackals and other predators - thanks to them, the virus is preserved and circulates in nature. In such places, all shepherd's and parish dogs must be vaccinated. Engage hunter societies to shoot predators.
But the tasks of the veterinarian are not limited to this. He needs to check whether those animals that have bitten people or animals are not sick. Every dog that has bitten a person or animal is immediately quarantined, monitored by a veterinarian for 10 days, animals with signs of the disease are destroyed.
For those who are not sufficiently informed, it does not hurt to learn that the saliva of a rabid animal can contain a virus and be infectious 5-8 days before the full manifestation of the disease. And just during this period, many dogs and cats show a desire to attack people and animals, bite and scratch them. Hence the need to send bitten people as quickly as possible to Pasteur stations or other medical institutions of health authorities for timely vaccinations. Such injections prevent disease.