Swelling of the legs can cause various diseases, including vegetative-vascular dystonia, varicose veins and various kidney pathologies. In each case, the appropriate diuretics are used, and there is no single drug that will help with all diseases with leg edema.
If you have recently begun to notice swelling in your legs by the end of the working day or after long walks, then do not rush to run to the pharmacy, but try folk remedies first. There are many foods that have a diuretic effect. Include one or two diuretic foods in your daily diet. These products include viburnum, cranberries, watermelon, pumpkin, beets, celery, chokeberry. Choose fresh, ripe vegetables or berries that are appropriate for the season. Try to do a foot massage with warming creams in the evening, then the peripheral vessels will expand and the swelling will decrease. It is recommended to sleep with raised legs. To do this, place a rolled-up blanket or pillow under your feet.
If the above procedures do not help, you can start taking medications with a mild diuretic effect based on herbs, for example, birch buds, bearberry leaves or orthosiphon leaves.
Legs swell often with cardiovascular diseases. If you have high blood pressure, then keep in mind that there is a group of antihypertensive pharmacological drugs that combine a diuretic effect, that is, such drugs remove excess fluid from the body and lower blood pressure. Such tablets include: "Indapamide", "Klopamid". These drugs are drunk daily, in a long course and strictly under the supervision of a physician.
Swelling of the legs is often caused by poor blood supply. If you have an increased prothrombin index (PTI), that is, an increased blood clotting rate and varicose veins in your legs, long-acting diuretics such as Spironolacgon, Chlorthalidone or Eplerenone are required to relieve edema. Do not forget that in the case of such a vascular pathology, you will get rid of edema only for some time with diuretics alone. Treatment should be comprehensive and include other drugs that will strengthen the walls of blood vessels, reduce blood clots.
In case of kidney pathology, edema often begins to appear from the peripheral sections, since there is a heavy load on the legs, they are affected in the first place. Diuretics for kidney problems should be taken with extreme caution. If you have urolithiasis, diuretics can cause a blockage of the urinary tract with calculus. That is, when the work is intensified, the kidney will push the stone out, and the consequences can be negative for the whole organism.
To relieve edema on the legs with impaired renal function, only a doctor can prescribe, after a diagnosis, the correct treatment with the use of diuretics. More often, the treatment will be based on drugs of strong action: "Furosemide", "Mannit", "Spironolacgon".