How To Provide First Aid For Angioedema

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How To Provide First Aid For Angioedema
How To Provide First Aid For Angioedema

Video: How To Provide First Aid For Angioedema

Video: Treatment of Angioedema: Case 2022, December

Quincke's edema is an allergic angioedema characterized by severe edema of the skin, mucous epithelium and subcutaneous tissue. Pathology occurs on the face, neck, hands, feet and upper body. Also, edema can be observed in internal organs, joints and membranes of the brain.

First aid for angioedema
First aid for angioedema

First aid

Timely help with Quincke's edema can save the life of the victim. Also, when the first symptoms of the disease are detected, an ambulance must be called. This should be done even if the patient feels well. When providing first aid, you should:

- eliminate the patient's contact with a strong allergen;

- provide access to fresh air in the room;

- calm the patient down and loosen or remove clothing that restricts breathing;

put a cooled compress in the place of edema;

- give the patient a large amount of liquid to drink, give a sorbent in the form of "Activated carbon" or "Enterosgel";

- give the patient an antihistamine;

- drip vasoconstrictor drugs into the nose.

Emergency care for angioedema involves intravenous administration of the hormonal drug Prednisolone or Dexazone, the use of diuretics, the use of protease inhibitors, detoxification treatment and desensitizing therapy.

Symptoms of the disease

The main sign of Quincke's edema is rapid swelling of the skin, mucous epithelium and subcutaneous tissue in the affected area. The patient experiences pain and burning sensation at the site of the edema, while the skin color does not change and remains natural. Large swelling appears on the lips, cheeks, eyelids, oral mucosa and genitals. All manifestations of pathology under normal conditions disappear on their own within a few days.

During the period of edema maturing, the patient may feel tension and an increase in the size of the lips, soft palate, tongue and tonsils. In some cases, the pathological process spreads to the laryngeal mucosa, thereby creating an obstacle to breathing. The patient begins to breathe unnaturally, cough, speak with hoarseness. The face first turns red and then quickly turns pale. In the absence of assistance and lack of treatment, the victim dies from lack of air.

Also, symptoms of Quincke's edema include profuse diarrhea, abdominal pain, vomiting, and increased peristalsis. With edema of the brain and meninges, neurological disorders develop in the form of aphasia and epileptiform seizures.

Patients with severe Quincke's edema are advised to carry a syringe with an adrenaline solution with them at all times. Also, to prevent the development of pathology, contact with the allergen should be avoided, alcoholic beverages should be abandoned and oneself protected from stressful situations.

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