"This will not happen to me" - so many think and neglect safety measures, and when they get into an emergency, they cannot react quickly and correctly. Apartments in Russia burn out every day, and there are quite a few victims among these incidents. To reduce their number, everyone should know how to act in the event of a fire in their own apartment.
In the event of a fire in household appliances, furniture and other household items, the scale of the disaster should be assessed. If the fire does not pose a danger to the life and health of you and your household, then you can extinguish it yourself. In the event that there is a lot of smoke in the apartment, then you should breathe through clothes, a towel or any other fabric that is at hand.
Before you start coping with the fire yourself, you need to turn off the electricity and gas in the apartment. Remember that burning appliances must not be flooded with water if they are energized. As soon as you turn off the electricity, then you can start extinguishing the fire. Flammable liquids such as gasoline, oil or kerosene must not be filled with water; cover the fire with a thick cloth soaked in water.
If you understand that you cannot cope with a fire on your own, then you need to get out of the apartment. Cover the respiratory system with a dampened towel and crawl towards the exit. Remember that in the event of a fire, the elevator cannot be used. As soon as you leave the walls of the apartment, be sure to close the front door to exclude the occurrence of a draft, which in turn contributes to an intense fire.
It happens that it is impossible to get close to the exit, as the fire engulfed him. In this case, you should close the door to the room where you are now and, if possible, immediately call the firefighters. While you are waiting for help, you should constantly be at the open window. Try to attract attention to yourself so that passers-by will notice you.
Remember that in the event of a fire of any scale, you need to dial 01 (from mobile phone 101) and inform the dispatcher about the location of the fire.