How To Treat Abrasions And Scratches

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How To Treat Abrasions And Scratches
How To Treat Abrasions And Scratches

Video: How To Treat Abrasions And Scratches

Video: How to Treat Cuts & Scrapes | First Aid Training 2022, December
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Scratches and abrasions, if not properly handled, can be a nuisance. After receiving such wounds, quality care should be provided as soon as possible.

How to treat abrasions and scratches
How to treat abrasions and scratches

Necessary

  • - water;
  • - 3% hydrogen peroxide solution;
  • - "Potassium permanganate";
  • - "Alcohol tincture of iodine";
  • - sterile bandage and cotton wool;
  • - adhesive plaster.

Instructions

Step 1

First of all, rinse the wound with a stream of water (it is better to use boiled water for this). This procedure will cleanse the damaged area of ​​the skin and the area around it from dirt and rust particles, which are home to all kinds of pathogenic bacteria (causative agents of gas gangrene and tetanus).

Step 2

Rinse the cleansed surface of the skin with a solution of hydrogen peroxide, pouring a thin stream from the vial. This solution has a disinfectant effect.

Step 3

If there is no hydrogen peroxide at hand, you can wash abrasions and scratches with a weak solution of potassium permanganate. Never use a strong solution for disinfection, as highly concentrated crystals of potassium permanganate can burn an already damaged skin area.

Step 4

Treat the area around the damaged skin with an alcoholic tincture of iodine. After that, apply a sterile dressing to the wound (if the scratch is deep, when applying a sterile dressing, do not bring the edges of the wound too tightly).

Step 5

If the scratch is located on the face (near the mouth), after disinfecting, it is better not to seal the cut with a plaster, since food and saliva will collect on the bandage, which will create all the necessary conditions for the development of pathogenic bacteria.

Step 6

An abrasion will heal much faster if left open. But in the event that the skin is severely damaged, a sterile bandage can be applied to this area. Before applying it, be sure to wash the wound, wait until a crust forms on it, and only then bandage it.

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