Scratches and abrasions, if not properly handled, can be a nuisance. After receiving such wounds, quality care should be provided as soon as possible.
- - water;
- - 3% hydrogen peroxide solution;
- - "Potassium permanganate";
- - "Alcohol tincture of iodine";
- - sterile bandage and cotton wool;
- - adhesive plaster.
First of all, rinse the wound with a stream of water (it is better to use boiled water for this). This procedure will cleanse the damaged area of the skin and the area around it from dirt and rust particles, which are home to all kinds of pathogenic bacteria (causative agents of gas gangrene and tetanus).
Rinse the cleansed surface of the skin with a solution of hydrogen peroxide, pouring a thin stream from the vial. This solution has a disinfectant effect.
If there is no hydrogen peroxide at hand, you can wash abrasions and scratches with a weak solution of potassium permanganate. Never use a strong solution for disinfection, as highly concentrated crystals of potassium permanganate can burn an already damaged skin area.
Treat the area around the damaged skin with an alcoholic tincture of iodine. After that, apply a sterile dressing to the wound (if the scratch is deep, when applying a sterile dressing, do not bring the edges of the wound too tightly).
If the scratch is located on the face (near the mouth), after disinfecting, it is better not to seal the cut with a plaster, since food and saliva will collect on the bandage, which will create all the necessary conditions for the development of pathogenic bacteria.
An abrasion will heal much faster if left open. But in the event that the skin is severely damaged, a sterile bandage can be applied to this area. Before applying it, be sure to wash the wound, wait until a crust forms on it, and only then bandage it.