Scratches - shallow skin lesions with sharp objects - are common in both children and adults. Especially a lot of scratches happen in summer, during trips to the country or out of town. In hot weather, most of the body is bare, and you can get scratched on branches, twigs and even grass. And for owners of pets, especially those who are active and playful like cats and dogs, scratches on their arms, legs and face are common at any time of the year. The speed of healing depends on whether you take the right measures when treating a scratch.
Pure water, soap, hydrogen peroxide, furacilin, manganese, brilliant green, iodine, manganese, antiseptic, adhesive plaster, bandage, cotton wool
Wash the scratched area under cold running water and soap. If there is blood from the wound, then you do not need to use soap. Treat shallow scratches with hydrogen peroxide, an antiseptic solution. Deep scratches can be washed out with a weak solution of furacilin or manganese.
Lubricate the edges of the wound with an antiseptic - iodine or brilliant green. In no case do not smear the wound itself, that is, that part of it where the blood is oozing. So a chemical burn will be added to the mechanical damage to the skin.
If scratches and abrasions cover a significant surface, apply a bandage with an antiseptic anti-inflammatory drug - solution or ointment. If the scratch is small, it is enough to cover it with adhesive tape to avoid secondary infection or leave it open. This way she will heal faster. If the wound is deep, it is better to bandage it with a sterile bandage.
It is better to cover the child's scratches with a bandage or adhesive plaster in any case. Children often play in the sand, launch boats in puddles, play on the ground or in the dust. In such conditions, even a small wound can become a gateway for infection. In addition, your baby will be less tempted to scratch under the bandage when the crust begins to tighten and itch.
If glass or a wooden object is the cause of the scratch, then a splinter or splinter may remain in the wound. Rinse and examine the wound thoroughly to determine if a foreign body is present. If the scratch does not heal for a long time, the skin around is reddened, pus is oozing out, it is better to consult a doctor. Sooner or later, a foreign body will come out on its own, but an ugly scar will remain at the site of such a wound.